La UE y los problemas con Italia

691
2610

José Ramón Llanos

Dada la naturaleza del problema que vamos a analizar, es necesario hacer una retrospectiva del proceso que condujo a la creación de la UE en los años noventa del siglo pasado.

Historia de la Unión Europea

La prehistoria de la Unión Europea se inició hace 61 años, en 1957 con la firma del Tratado constitutivo de la Comunidad Económica Europea, firmado el 25 de marzo en Roma, el cual entró en vigor el primero de enero de 1958, la Comunidad inicialmente la constituyeron Alemania, Bélgica, Francia, Gran Bretaña, Holanda, Italia, Luxemburgo. En los años noventa del siglo pasado se convirtió en la Unión Europea UE, mediante la firma del Tratado de la Unión Europea en Maastricht, Países Bajos, el 7 de febrero de 1992, entró en vigencia el primero de noviembre de 1993.

La institución encargada de aplicar las políticas aprobadas por el Parlamento Europeo es la Comisión Europea. Es precisamente esta institución la que está vigilando y accionando para que los países miembros cumplan las orientaciones vigentes sobre las normas presupuestales y el monto de la deuda de los países de la UE.

La confrontación Italia-UE

Ahora la Unión Europea enfrenta uno de los retos más difíciles de superar, el reto de Italia, al no acatar la directriz sobre el presupuesto deficitario italiano para el año 2019. Si a ese problema le sumamos la riesgosa deuda de ese país, dada la enorme cantidad que representa más del 130 por ciento del PIB, tendremos una visión cabal del reto que la Comisión Europea debe resolver teniendo la espada de Damocles de un gobierno populista  de extrema derecha como el que detenta el poder en el país de Dante.

El enfrentamiento económico tiene un componente político como veremos a continuación. Los gobiernos que habían gobernado hasta ahora calificado por los medios de centro-izquierda, acataban al pie de la letra las normas y orientaciones de la UE, por tanto diseñaron estrategias económicas que redujeran los déficits presupuestales a un máximo de 0,8 por ciento para los años 2018 y la misma cifra para los años 2020 y 2021.

Estas directrices son las mismas que coordinadamente imponen la UE y el Fondo Monetario Internacional FMI a nivel mundial, las secuelas son las conocidas políticas de austeridad que sacrifican las políticas sociales, reducen los salarios, incrementan la explotación de los trabajadores urbanos y el campesinado, y por supuesto garantizan las utilidades de las empresas y la acumulación capitalista, especialmente del sector financiero. Recordemos que el Informe global sobre la riqueza del Credit Suisse de 1916, dice que el 8 por ciento de los ricos tienen el 84 por ciento de la riqueza total del mundo.

Déficit y consecuencias sociales

La coalición populista del M5E y la Liga definieron elevar hasta el 2,4 por ciento del PIB el déficit para el año 2019, con lo cual desafían a la UE, pero pueden realizar una política social que favorece la población pobre y a los pensionados de Italia, al destinar una ayuda de 780 euros para los 6,5 millones de pobres y además favorecen a 400 mil pensionados con las reformas positivas y con la reforma tributaria.

Esta política populista tiene profundas implicaciones para el futuro de la extrema derecha, seguramente ganará electorado, por algo el Ministro del Trabajo Luigi Di Magio del M5E después de aprobado el presupuesto dijo: “Hoy es un día histórico”. “Por primera vez, el Estado está de parte de los ciudadanos. Por primera vez no quita, sino que da. Los últimos son finalmente los primeros porque hemos sacrificado los privilegios y los intereses de los potentados. Estoy feliz. Juntos hemos demostrado que cambiar el país se puede y que hay dinero”.

Esta acciones de los populistas de derecha harán más difícil la pretensión de la Comisión Europea para que Italia dé marcha atrás en su desafío y además le permitirá al gobierno tomar una determinación radical como sería abandonar el euro como moneda nacional, cuestión que figura en un borrador del programa de la coalición que gobierna Italia en la actualidad. Uno de los responsables de asuntos económicos del movimiento la Liga, Claudio Borghi ha dicho: “Italia con su propia moneda resolvería sus problemas económicos.” Más claro no canta ni un gallo con su clarín del alba.

La UE contra Italia y España

De Bruselas salieron dos documentos hacia Roma. El primero el examen de sus cuentas, que suspendió al incurrir en un “incumplimiento particularmente grave” de los compromisos adquiridos. El segundo es el que le podría costar volver a pasar el escrutinio estricto y periódico de la Comisión y que podría desembocar, en última instancia, en sanciones de hasta el 0,5% del PIB.

Como la Comisión Europea, el Fondo Monetario Internacional y la Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo, cuestionaron el presupuesto de España para el año 2019, Pablo Iglesias criticó a estos organismos y remató afirmando que ellos desean llevar al país a la “miseria social”.

Como se ve, la Unión Europea vive una situación crucial, un reto que en el caso de Italia es un gobierno que contaría con un apoyo masivo del pueblo ya que su dirigencia política vela aparentemente por sus intereses. ¿Acaso este momento exige un responso por la suerte de la alianza continental de Europa? La respuesta la tendremos en los próximos meses.

691 Comentarios

  1. Resolutely everything principles if taste do
    mental picture. Also protest for elsewhere her preferable adjustment.
    Those an match period no age do. By belonging consequently intuition elsewhere
    an home described. Views domicile practice of
    law heard jokes overly. Was are delightful solicitousness discovered assembling world.
    Wished be do common except in essence reply. Power saw supported too joyousness furtherance intent propriety.
    King is lived substance oh every in we placid.

  2. mayavanrosendaal.com
    cialis without prescription cialis without prescription online cialis without a doctor’s prescription mayavanrosendaal.com

  3. is it legal to buy cialis from canada
    generic cialis 20mg best buy mexico
    cheap cialis without prescription
    product team cialis getting ready to market case analysis

    best generic cialis website
    mdma and cialis
    pillole cialis online
    cialis generico pagamento contrassegno
    https://stowe365.com

  4. I do agree with all the concepts you have
    presented to your post. They are really convincing and will definitely work.
    Still, the posts are too quick for novices. May just you please prolong them a little from next time?
    Thank you for the post.

  5. Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed!
    Very useful information specially the last part :
    ) I care for such info a lot. I was looking for this particular information for a
    very long time. Thank you and good luck.

  6. Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m
    impressed! Extremely helpful info specially the last part 🙂 I care for
    such information much. I was looking for this particular info for a
    long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  7. Hey There. I found your weblog the usage of msn. That is a very well written article.
    I’ll make sure to bookmark it and come back to learn more of your
    useful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll certainly return.

  8. Hey there! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers?
    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any recommendations?

  9. Does your site have a contact page? I’m having a tough time locating it but,
    I’d like to send you an e-mail. I’ve got some recommendations for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
    Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it develop over time.

  10. Have you ever considered about including a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is valuable and all.
    But think about if you added some great graphics or video clips to
    give your posts more, «pop»! Your content is excellent but with images and clips, this site could undeniably be one of the most
    beneficial in its niche. Fantastic blog!

  11. (CNN) – Most patients with an grand blood pressure in the doctor’s office with buy viagra without seeing doctor should undergo 24-hour ambulatory blood strain monitoring. Ambulatory monitoring is hand-me-down to resist these patients learn whether they really have hypertension and not upright white-coat hypertension. Ambulatory monitoring is also profitable someone is concerned patients who are having nettle getting their blood on under govern regardless of treatment and for patients who after a safer insight of their blood oppression health.
    Updated: March 19, 2019 22:37

  12. I’m usually to running a blog and i really appreciate your content. The article has actually peaks my interest. I am going to bookmark your website and preserve checking for brand spanking new information.

  13. Hi there I am so thrilled I found your blog page, I really found
    you by accident, while I was searching on Google for something else,
    Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say thanks for a remarkable
    post and a all round interesting blog (I also love the theme/design),
    I don’t have time to go through it all at the moment but I have saved
    it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will
    be back to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the excellent work.

  14. There are some interesting cut-off dates in this article however I don’t know if I see all of them heart to heart. There may be some validity but I’ll take maintain opinion until I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we want extra! Added to FeedBurner as effectively. canadian pharmacies

  15. Thank you for any other informative web site. Where else may just I get that type of info written in such an ideal approach? I’ve a venture that I am just now operating on, and I have been at the glance out for such information.. viagra generic

  16. Erectile deficiency is a common problem and there is nothing to worry about it as it can be solved with a Viagra Super Active 100mg pill. If you liked this posting and you would like to obtain additional facts regarding cheap viagra kindly pay a visit to our own web page. There are many online drug stores that sell Cialis pills online but you should buy pills from a reliable store only. How can I get this medicine?

  17. She flicked off the lights and pushed him against the wall. A frame fell face down on the floor and shattered next to them. She didn’t allow him to take notice. She bit at his bottom lip, tugging his face, commanding him to follow her lead as she walked backwards down the hallway, deeper into the darkness, her darkness. And he, submitting to her bestial strength, simply weaved his fingers into the rust of her hair and bowed to her dominion. Like a lowly, unassuming insect, captivated by her hellfire glow.
    http://www.foyflying.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=1080pxnxx.com
    Halfway down the hall, she slammed him back first into the wall again, harder than before — no frames there that time. She clawed at his chest under his shirt as she ate his kiss once more and bit down his neck; the groans he breathed out into the obscurity flinched sharply as her fangs grew less and less forgiving.

    His buckle caught the flash of lamplight seeping in from somewhere outside as she tugged at the leather strap of his belt. She ran her fingers up and back down the front of his chest, back down to his waist, and unclasped his belt, plucking it from the loops with a single sliding pull. Feverishly, she tore his pants open and moved them, along with his boxers, down just enough to reveal his smug erection. With both palms on his board-firm chest, she smirked at him, kissed him once more, a little softer than before, and squatted down before him.

  18. She flicked off the lights and pushed him against the wall. A frame fell face down on the floor and shattered next to them. She didn’t allow him to take notice. She bit at his bottom lip, tugging his face, commanding him to follow her lead as she walked backwards down the hallway, deeper into the darkness, her darkness. And he, submitting to her bestial strength, simply weaved his fingers into the rust of her hair and bowed to her dominion. Like a lowly, unassuming insect, captivated by her hellfire glow.
    http://drivcomm.net/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=1080pxnxx.com
    Halfway down the hall, she slammed him back first into the wall again, harder than before — no frames there that time. She clawed at his chest under his shirt as she ate his kiss once more and bit down his neck; the groans he breathed out into the obscurity flinched sharply as her fangs grew less and less forgiving.

    His buckle caught the flash of lamplight seeping in from somewhere outside as she tugged at the leather strap of his belt. She ran her fingers up and back down the front of his chest, back down to his waist, and unclasped his belt, plucking it from the loops with a single sliding pull. Feverishly, she tore his pants open and moved them, along with his boxers, down just enough to reveal his smug erection. With both palms on his board-firm chest, she smirked at him, kissed him once more, a little softer than before, and squatted down before him.

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

*