El vaciamiento del Mercosur

143

Una escalada de ascenso de la derecha latinoamericana, la llegada de Trump a la Casa Blanca, la crisis generaliza del modelo neoliberal y errores de los gobiernos progresistas en la región, han contribuido al desdibujamiento de la integración regional

Alberto Acevedo

En los últimos años, los partidos y movimientos políticos de la derecha latinoamericana han avanzado en forma notable. Algunas  veces alcanzando el poder, como en los casos de Brasil, Argentina y Paraguay, en otros imponiendo su agenda en el gobierno, como en el caso del uribismo en  Colombia. La oleada progresista en América Latina, marcada con el ascenso de Hugo Chávez al poder, fue una excepción en el mundo y los gobiernos de corte democrático en la región no consiguieron superar el extractivismo y salir de los marcos de la división internacional del trabajo.

En desarrollo de su política internacional, el presidente Trump ha buscado un acercamiento con todas aquellas fuerzas políticas conservadoras europeas, que tienen como base social a los desplazados por la globalización, tales y como los líderes del brexit en el Reino Unido, o la ultraderechista Marine le Pen en Francia. Con el mismo criterio ha estrechado lazos de colaboración con el régimen de Arabia Saudí en el Medio Oriente.

El inquilino de la Casa Blanca aplica una estrategia similar en América Latina. Sus aliados naturales son gobiernos de corte conservador, como los de Argentina, Brasil, Paraguay y Colombia. Y mientras en Europa plantea que el enemigo de la democracia occidental es China, en tierras latinoamericanas dice que el enemigo es Venezuela. Siempre hay que buscarse un enemigo.

Ofensiva generalizada

En el caso de los países conservadores del cono sur del continente, estos se han convertido paulatinamente en quinta columna del imperio para torcerle el cuello al proceso de integración regional contra hegemónico, que surgió a raíz de los planteamientos independentistas y nacionalistas de Chávez, Rafael Correa, Evo Morales y los Kirchner en Argentina.

Y aunque la ofensiva ha sido generalizada contra todos los proyectos de integración democráticos, el eslabón más débil, con la llegada de gobiernos de derecha en Brasil y Argentina, ha sido el Mercosur. Para conseguir ese objetivo, había que expulsar de su seno a Venezuela, que les resultaba un vecino incómodo.

Todos los factores anteriores sumados, en el marco de una crisis global, en que cayeron los precios de las materias primas que exportan los países periféricos, la revalorización del dólar, la pérdida de peso de las monedas nacionales, los países del Mercosur fueron afectados por ese cambio de ciclo de precios produciendo una fuerte recesión en naciones como Brasil y Argentina.

Una integración debilitada

Este escenario económico ha sido terreno fértil para la estrategia de Washington de provocar, primero, una parálisis del Mercosur, y después, ya sin Venezuela, y con una posición pusilánime del gobierno de Tabaré Vásquez en Uruguay, generar el vaciamiento de los objetivos integradores y democráticos del proyecto de integración regional del cono sur del continente.

Los nuevos gobiernos de la derecha le han imprimido al organismo posiciones proclives a la firma de tratados de libre comercio con los Estados Unidos y la Unión Europea, en tanto en sus respectivos países se refuerza el modelo neoliberal de desarrollo. El presidente de Argentina, Mauricio Macri, que ostenta la presidencia pro témpore del organismo, ha logrado un Mercosur profundamente debilitado, que no coordina ni siquiera con el bloque del llamado Parlamento del Sur, Parlasur.

Así, una integración regional debilitada, con Unasur y la Celac a la defensiva, facilita las conversaciones para nuevos TLC, como el que se negocia en estos momentos entre la Unión Europea y el Mercosur, de dudoso beneficio para los pueblos de los países miembros del bloque regional, y de sus economías.

Reformular la integración

En efecto, el pasado 20 de marzo, en Buenos Aires, se llevó a cabo una ronda de negociaciones para un acuerdo de libre comercio con la Unión Europea. Es un mercado de enormes potencialidades, hay que reconocerlo, pero también de mayores desequilibrios. La propuesta europea compromete la soberanía nacional en aspectos como servicios públicos, patentes, propiedad intelectual, privatización de empresas públicas, inversiones y competencia. La idea de un acuerdo comercial es una falacia, y lo que se producirá será un  sometimiento de las economías de los países del sur del continente.

Ante este deterioro de las condiciones para el desarrollo en la región, economistas expertos y analistas coinciden en la necesidad de reformular la integración de América Latina y avanzar hacia un Acuerdo Económico Comercial Integral Latinoamericano. Al menos, una propuesta en esta dirección fue formulada ya por el secretario general de la Aladi, Carlos Álvarez, quien sugiere una reflexión sobre los rumbos del comercio regional, debido al momento que vive el orden económico internacional, a cuyos efectos no es ajena América Latina.

Otras voces sugieren el reforzamiento de la Celac y de Unasur, que aún no logra escoger el reemplazo de su secretario general, Ernesto Samper. Son retos en los que está en juego, no solo la supervivencia económica y el desarrollo, sino la soberanía misma de la región.

143 Comentarios

  1. We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.
    Your web site offered us with valuable info to work on. You’ve done a formidable job and our whole
    community will be thankful to you.

  2. Hello, Neat post. There’s a problem with your web site in web explorer,
    would test this? IE still is the market leader and a huge section of folks will miss your magnificent writing because of this problem.

  3. I’m amazed, I must say. Seldom do I encounter a blog that’s both equally educative and amusing, and without a doubt, you have hit the nail on the head.
    The issue is an issue that too few folks are speaking intelligently about.
    Now i’m very happy that I found this during my search for something
    concerning this.

  4. This is really attention-grabbing, You’re an overly skilled
    blogger. I’ve joined your feed and stay up for in search of more of
    your excellent post. Also, I have shared your website
    in my social networks

  5. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I definitely enjoyed reading it, you could be a great author.
    I will make sure to bookmark your blog and will eventually
    come back in the foreseeable future. I want to encourage that you continue your great posts,
    have a nice afternoon!

  6. I’m not sure exactly why but this weblog is loading
    very slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a problem on my end?
    I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

  7. Right here is the perfect site for anybody who wants to understand this topic.
    You know a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you
    (not that I personally will need to…HaHa). You certainly put a brand new spin on a topic that’s been written about for decades.
    Wonderful stuff, just excellent!

  8. Yesterday, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive a forty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now destroyed and
    she has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share it
    with someone!

  9. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d without a
    doubt donate to this fantastic blog! I guess for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.
    I look forward to brand new updates and will share this site
    with my Facebook group. Talk soon!

  10. Hi there would you mind sharing which blog platform
    you’re working with? I’m planning to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a tough time
    making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.
    P.S Sorry for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  11. Hello There. I discovered your weblog using msn. That is a really neatly
    written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and come back to learn more of your helpful information.
    Thank you for the post. I’ll certainly return.

  12. Have you ever thought about adding a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is fundamental and all. But think about
    if you added some great visuals or video clips to give your posts more, “pop”!
    Your content is excellent but with images and clips, this
    website could definitely be one of the most beneficial in its field.
    Awesome blog!

  13. My spouse and I stumbled over here by a different web address and thought I might as well check things out.
    I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look forward
    to going over your web page yet again.

  14. We stumbled over here from a different website and thought I may as well check things out.

    I like what I see so i am just following you.
    Look forward to looking into your web page yet again.

  15. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a colleague who has been doing a little research
    on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast because I stumbled
    upon it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this….
    Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending time to talk about this issue here on your site.

  16. I do not know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else encountering problems with your website.

    It seems like some of the text in your content are running off the screen.
    Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know
    if this is happening to them too? This may be a issue with my web browser because
    I’ve had this happen previously. Appreciate it

  17. What’s up everybody, here every one is sharing these kinds of know-how, so
    it’s pleasant to read this weblog, and I used to pay a quick visit this website every
    day.

  18. you’re really a just right webmaster. The site
    loading pace is incredible. It kind of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick.
    Also, The contents are masterpiece. you have performed a excellent job on this matter!

  19. Does your website have a contact page? I’m having problems locating it but,
    I’d like to send you an email. I’ve got some creative ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
    Either way, great website and I look forward to
    seeing it expand over time.

  20. Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your post seem to be running off the screen in Chrome.
    I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to
    let you know. The style and design look great though! Hope you get the problem
    solved soon. Thanks

  21. Hmm is anyone else experiencing problems with the images on this blog loading?

    I’m trying to figure out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog.
    Any feed-back would be greatly appreciated.

  22. Right here is the right site for anybody who really wants to find out about this topic.
    You understand a whole lot its almost hard to argue with
    you (not that I personally will need to…HaHa). You definitely put a brand new spin on a topic which has been written about for decades.
    Excellent stuff, just great!

  23. Thanks , I have just been looking for information about this subject for a while and yours
    is the best I’ve came upon so far. However, what concerning the bottom line?

    Are you sure about the source?

  24. Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is fundamental and everything. But imagine if you
    added some great visuals or video clips to give your posts more,
    “pop”! Your content is excellent but with images and clips, this blog could definitely be one of the best
    in its niche. Amazing blog!

  25. Hi there! This is kind of off topic but I need
    some help from an established blog. Is it very difficult to set up your own blog?
    I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty
    quick. I’m thinking about setting up my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do
    you have any points or suggestions? With thanks

  26. Hey There. I discovered your blog the use of msn. That is a very
    neatly written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to learn extra of your useful info.
    Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely return.

  27. Please let me know if you’re looking for a
    author for your blog. You have some really good posts and I believe I would
    be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the
    load off, I’d love to write some material for your blog
    in exchange for a link back to mine. Please shoot me
    an email if interested. Kudos!

  28. I absolutely love your website.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you develop this amazing
    site yourself? Please reply back as I’m planning to create
    my own blog and would love to know where you got
    this from or exactly what the theme is called. Kudos!

  29. Hello every one, here every person is sharing such familiarity, so it’s fastidious to read this weblog, and I used to
    pay a quick visit this website everyday.

  30. Magnificent beat ! I would like to apprentice whilst you amend your site,
    how could i subscribe for a blog website? The account aided me a acceptable deal.
    I have been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered
    bright transparent idea

  31. Hi would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m looking to start my own blog soon but I’m having a tough time selecting between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something
    completely unique. P.S Apologies for getting off-topic but
    I had to ask!

  32. Thanks for your personal marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it,
    you can be a great author. I will be sure to bookmark your blog and will often come back
    in the foreseeable future. I want to encourage continue your great writing, have a nice
    holiday weekend!

  33. I’m impressed, I must say. Rarely do I come across a blog that’s both
    equally educative and interesting, and without a doubt, you have hit
    the nail on the head. The problem is something which too few folks are speaking intelligently about.
    I am very happy I found this during my search for something regarding this.

  34. I’m really loving the theme/design of your site.
    Do you ever run into any web browser compatibility issues?
    A handful of my blog visitors have complained about my blog not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Opera.
    Do you have any solutions to help fix this problem?

  35. I have been exploring for a little for any high-quality articles or blog
    posts in this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this web
    site. Reading this information So i am glad to show that
    I have an incredibly good uncanny feeling I found out just what I needed.
    I such a lot no doubt will make sure to do not overlook this web
    site and give it a look regularly.

  36. This design is incredible! You obviously know how to keep a reader
    amused. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my
    own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Excellent job. I really loved what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it.
    Too cool!

  37. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to
    make your point. You obviously know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your site when you could be
    giving us something enlightening to read?

  38. Howdy! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering if you
    knew where I could find a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having difficulty finding one?
    Thanks a lot!

  39. hi!,I really like your writing so so much! percentage we keep in touch extra about
    your post on AOL? I need an expert on this house
    to resolve my problem. May be that’s you! Looking forward to look you.

  40. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what all
    is required to get set up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?

    I’m not very internet savvy so I’m not 100% positive.
    Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated. Kudos

  41. You’re so interesting! I don’t suppose I’ve truly read through a
    single thing like that before. So good to find someone with original thoughts
    on this topic. Really.. many thanks for starting this up.
    This web site is one thing that is required on the internet,
    someone with a little originality!

  42. Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on websites
    I stumbleupon every day. It’s always exciting to read through articles from other authors and practice something from their sites.

  43. Hey, I think your website might be having browser compatibility
    issues. When I look at your website in Ie, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.
    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, wonderful
    blog!

  44. Attractive component to content. I simply stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital
    to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Any way I will be subscribing on your feeds and even I achievement
    you access persistently quickly.

  45. Hi there would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m
    having a hard time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different
    then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.
    P.S Apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  46. Hello, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if
    you get a lot of spam responses? If so how do you reduce it, any plugin or anything you can recommend?
    I get so much lately it’s driving me crazy so any support is very much appreciated.

  47. Fantastic blog! Do you have any tips and hints for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own website soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress
    or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m completely confused ..
    Any ideas? Cheers!

  48. I have read several just right stuff here. Certainly worth bookmarking for
    revisiting. I surprise how so much effort you set to make this sort
    of magnificent informative website.

  49. Excellent way of explaining, and nice paragraph to obtain facts regarding my presentation subject matter, which i am going to present in institution of
    higher education.

  50. Hello, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you
    get a lot of spam responses? If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything you can recommend?
    I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any assistance is very
    much appreciated.

  51. Hello this is kind of of off topic but I was wondering if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if
    you have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding expertise so
    I wanted to get advice from someone with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  52. I am really loving the theme/design of your website. Do
    you ever run into any web browser compatibility problems?

    A few of my blog audience have complained about my site
    not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox.
    Do you have any ideas to help fix this problem?

  53. Today, while I was at work, my sister stole my apple ipad and tested to see if it can survive a thirty foot drop,
    just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now destroyed and she has
    83 views. I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it with
    someone!

  54. Wow, fantastic blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?

    you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is
    fantastic, as well as the content!

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

*