Lenin y la Revolución Rusa de 1917

111

Hernán Ortiz Rivas

El siglo XX de nuestra era, produjo muchos acontecimientos de gran significación, en la historia, uno de ellos, de enorme importancia, es la Revolución Rusa de 1917, que originó grandes cambios, no solo en el interior del extinto imperio zarista, sino en el mundo entero, cambios que todavía perduran en nuestro planeta. Antes de 1917, el imperio ruso era gobernado por los zares de la dinastía Romanov; en su territorio coexistían unas estructuras semifeudales y un capitalismo no muy desarrollado; en Rusia, mitad europea y mitad asiática, como la caracterizaba Lenin, la industrialización iba lenta, la sociedad estaba dividida en dos grupos: los nobles y los campesinos, los obreros carecían de un peso sustantivo en el imperio, poco a poco alcanzaron a tener gran fuerza socio-económica y política, en su proceso y destino históricos, que los llevó a ocupar un sitio dominante en el Estado.

Los últimos zares se esforzaron por modernizar la economía e introducir reformas sociales; pero, ya era tarde, para detener el proceso revolucionario que se venía gestando desde 1905, proceso liderado por un personaje histórico de gran altura teórica y práctica, Vladimir Ilich Lenin, seudónimo elegido por el joven Ulianov, para su vida futura de luchas revolucionarias, con el cual, pasó a las primeras páginas del comunismo, las luchas populares y la historia contemporánea. La genialidad de Lenin radicó en continuar el marxismo, aplicándolo a un espacio geográfico concreto, Rusia, para servir de ejemplo, al servicio de todos los pueblos del planeta tierra.

La gran obra

La Revolución Rusa de 1917, dirigida por Lenin, fue obra de los campesinos, obreros, soldados, vale decir, del pueblo que logró derrocar el imperio zarista del último monarca, Nicolás II, lo que produjo la abolición del absolutismo, a la vez que originó el comienzo de un gobierno provisional que duró poco tiempo, para desembocar en la gloriosa Revolución Soviética, bajo el mando de Lenin y la instauración del primer Estado Socialista del mundo, desafortunadamente derrocado a fines del siglo pasado.

En todo caso, la Revolución Rusa de 1917, debe valorarse como un grandioso hecho histórico de la edad contemporánea. Resulta un tanto paradójico que la primera revolución socialista triunfante, en el mundo, se hubiese producido en una nación que no estaba a la cabeza del capitalismo, que no tenía una tradición política ni ideológica de luchas populares, que la gobernaba una monarquía repudiada en Europa. No se puede perder de vista,  que esa Revolución estuvo enmarcada, por el conflicto global de 1914, la Primera Guerra Mundial, que influyó también en la crisis del imperio ruso de los Romanov, que tenían muchos conflictos diplomáticos con varias naciones de Europa. La Primera Guerra Mundial fue la causa externa que contribuyó a la crisis de las monarquías de los Romanov, los Habsburgo, los Hohenzollern. Este hecho histórico unido al de mayor importancia, la Revolución Rusa de 1917, comandada por el gran Lenin posibilitó que los bolcheviques llegaran al poder en octubre de ese año.

De ahí en adelante vino un periodo de guerras civiles (1918-1921), que fueron ganadas por el ejército rojo, comandado en su tiempo por Trotski, que era el héroe del momento. Terminadas las guerras civiles, el Estado y la sociedad soviética pudieron consolidarse y triunfar, bajo la dirección de Stalin, con sus planes quinquenales. La Revolución Rusa de 1917, tiene una importancia cercana a la Revolución Francesa de 1789, las dos, pertenecen a la modernidad, marcan hitos de mucha importancia, en la humanidad, ambas pueden considerarse como proceso de emancipación de los pueblos, la primera inspirada en el socialismo de Marx, Engels, Lenin; la segunda en el liberalismo clásico, doctrinal, de los grandes pensadores de los siglos XVI, XVII y XVIII, al estilo de Diderot, Voltaire, Rousseau, por citar unos poquísimos ejemplos.

111 Comentarios

  1. Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed
    to be on the web the easiest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I certainly get irked while people think about worries that
    they just do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side-effects
    , people could take a signal. Will likely be back to get more.
    Thanks

  2. Howdy would you mind stating which blog platform you’re working
    with? I’m looking to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a difficult time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs
    and I’m looking for something completely unique.
    P.S Apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  3. After I originally commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on every time a comment is added I recieve four emails
    with the exact same comment. Perhaps there is a way
    you are able to remove me from that service? Thanks!

  4. hello there and thank you for your information – I have
    definitely picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise a
    few technical issues using this site, since I experienced to reload the web site many times
    previous to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if
    your hosting is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but slow loading instances
    times will sometimes affect your placement in google and can damage
    your high quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords.

    Well I am adding this RSS to my email and could look out for much more of your respective intriguing content.

    Make sure you update this again very soon.

  5. I have checked your website and i have found some duplicate content, that’s why you don’t rank high in google, but there is a tool that can help you
    to create 100% unique content, search for: SSundee advices unlimited content for your blog

  6. Great post. I used to be checking constantly this weblog and I’m inspired!

    Very helpful information specifically the last phase 🙂 I handle such information a lot.

    I used to be looking for this certain info for
    a very lengthy time. Thanks and good luck.

  7. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find
    It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped me.

  8. I don’t know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else
    experiencing problems with your website. It appears as though some of
    the text within your posts are running off the screen.
    Can someone else please comment and let me know if
    this is happening to them too? This could be a issue with my web browser because I’ve had this
    happen before. Thank you

  9. Its such as you learn my mind! You seem to grasp a lot approximately
    this, like you wrote the e book in it or something.

    I feel that you just can do with a few p.c. to power the
    message home a little bit, however instead of that, this is magnificent blog.

    A fantastic read. I will definitely be back.

  10. First of all I want to say great blog! I had a quick question in which I’d like to ask if you
    don’t mind. I was curious to know how you center yourself and clear your head prior to
    writing. I have had a hard time clearing my thoughts in getting my thoughts out there.
    I do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10
    to 15 minutes tend to be wasted simply just trying to figure out how
    to begin. Any ideas or hints? Cheers!

  11. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it’s really
    informative. I am going to watch out for brussels. I will appreciate
    if you continue this in future. Numerous people will be benefited from your
    writing. Cheers!

  12. Howdy I am so glad I found your blog page, I really found you by accident,
    while I was looking on Aol for something else, Nonetheless I
    am here now and would just like to say kudos for a remarkable post and a all
    round interesting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all
    at the minute but I have book-marked it and also included your
    RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please
    do keep up the fantastic work.

  13. Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this
    site before but after checking through some of the post I realized it’s new to me.
    Anyways, I’m definitely happy I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back frequently!

  14. I don’t even understand how I ended up right here, however I believed this put up was once good.
    I don’t know who you might be however certainly you’re going to a famous
    blogger if you are not already. Cheers!

  15. It is the best time to make some plans for the long run and it’s time to be happy.
    I’ve read this submit and if I may I want to counsel you some interesting issues or advice.
    Maybe you can write subsequent articles regarding this article.
    I desire to read more things about it!

  16. certainly like your web-site but you need to check the spelling on several of your posts.
    Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very bothersome to tell the reality on the
    other hand I will certainly come back again.

  17. I’m now not sure where you’re getting your information, but good topic.

    I needs to spend a while finding out much more or working out
    more. Thanks for excellent info I was on the lookout for this info for
    my mission.

  18. Excellent article. Keep posting such kind of info on your site.
    Im really impressed by your blog.
    Hi there, You have done an excellent job.
    I will certainly digg it and individually suggest to my friends.
    I am confident they will be benefited from this web site.

  19. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to my
    blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.

    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would
    have some experience with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  20. I am really enjoying the theme/design of your weblog. Do you ever
    run into any internet browser compatibility
    issues? A handful of my blog readers have complained about
    my blog not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox.
    Do you have any advice to help fix this issue?

  21. Does your site have a contact page? I’m having problems locating it but, I’d like to shoot you an e-mail.
    I’ve got some creative ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
    Either way, great blog and I look forward to seeing
    it develop over time.

  22. I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website
    yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?
    Plz answer back as I’m looking to create my own blog and would like to
    find out where u got this from. cheers

  23. Thank you a lot for sharing this with all folks you
    actually know what you’re speaking approximately! Bookmarked.
    Kindly also talk over with my website =). We may have
    a hyperlink change arrangement between us

  24. I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your blog.
    It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme?

    Excellent work!

  25. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.
    Your website provided us with valuable information to work on. You’ve done
    a formidable job and our whole community will
    be grateful to you.

  26. Hi there, I found your web site by the use of Google at the same time
    as searching for a comparable subject, your site got here up,
    it appears great. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hello there, simply became alert to your blog through Google,
    and found that it’s truly informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels.

    I’ll appreciate in case you proceed this in future. Lots
    of people will likely be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  27. You actually make it appear really easy along with your presentation but
    I in finding this matter to be actually something which I think I might by no means understand.
    It kind of feels too complex and very vast for me.

    I’m having a look forward on your subsequent submit, I’ll try to get the grasp
    of it!

  28. Howdy! I know this is kinda off topic however I’d figured I’d ask.

    Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest writing a blog
    post or vice-versa? My site addresses a lot of the same topics as yours and
    I feel we could greatly benefit from each other. If you are interested feel free to shoot me an e-mail.

    I look forward to hearing from you! Terrific blog by the way!

  29. I’m curious to find out what blog platform you’re
    using? I’m experiencing some minor security problems with my latest blog and I would like to find something more safe.
    Do you have any recommendations?

  30. Very good blog! Do you have any suggestions for aspiring writers?

    I’m planning to start my own site soon but I’m a
    little lost on everything. Would you advise starting with a
    free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m totally
    confused .. Any recommendations? Kudos!

  31. Have you ever thought about creating an e-book or
    guest authoring on other websites? I have a blog based upon on the same information you discuss and would love
    to have you share some stories/information. I know my readers would value your work.
    If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to
    shoot me an e mail.

  32. Hmm it appears like your blog ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so
    I guess I’ll just sum it up what I submitted and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying
    your blog. I as well am an aspiring blog writer but
    I’m still new to everything. Do you have any tips for first-time blog writers?
    I’d really appreciate it.

  33. Hi, Neat post. There’s a problem together with your website in internet explorer, may test
    this? IE nonetheless is the market leader and a good component of folks
    will omit your magnificent writing due to this
    problem.

  34. Magnificent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to
    and you’re just extremely excellent. I really like what
    you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you’re stating and the way in which you say
    it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it sensible.
    I can’t wait to read far more from you. This is actually a
    terrific site.

  35. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article author for
    your weblog. You have some really good posts and I believe I would
    be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load
    off, I’d love to write some articles for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please blast me an email if interested. Cheers!

  36. I have been exploring for a little bit for any high quality articles
    or weblog posts on this sort of area . Exploring in Yahoo I
    finally stumbled upon this website. Reading this information So i am happy to convey
    that I’ve an incredibly just right uncanny feeling I discovered
    exactly what I needed. I most unquestionably will make certain to do not omit this web site and provides it a look regularly.

  37. Hi, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was
    just curious if you get a lot of spam responses? If
    so how do you prevent it, any plugin or anything you can suggest?
    I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any support is very
    much appreciated.

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

*