Le cortan las alas al derecho de huelga

113

Como un golpe al derecho de huelga fue catalogado el fallo de la Corte Suprema de Justicia que calificó como ilegal el cese de actividades de los aviadores. Urge un debate sobre qué y cuáles son los derechos públicos esenciales

Juan Carlos Hurtado Fonseca
@Aurelianolatino 

Los colombianos que hicieron seguimiento al conflicto laboral en Avianca no se sorprendieron con la decisión de la Corte Suprema de Justicia, Sala Laboral, que ratificó la ilegalidad de la huelga de pilotos en esa aerolínea.

Y no lo hicieron porque hay los suficientes antecedentes en los que en este tipo de conflictos el Estado se pone de lado de los empresarios, más cuando se trata de capital trasnacional. Paros en el sector minero-energético son apenas una muestra donde el poder judicial falla contra los trabajadores, declara la ilegalidad de las huelgas y permite el despido de los obreros sindicalizados.

La Corte ratificó la ilegalidad de la huelga porque en el proceso de votación de los pilotos no se convocó a la totalidad de trabajadores de la empresa, sino solo a los sindicalizados y tampoco estuvo más de la mitad de los afiliados. También, dijo que el transporte público es un servicio público esencial.

El fallo judicial le da posibilidad a la aerolínea de adelantar procesos disciplinarios contra los dirigentes sindicales, algo que ya había advertido su dueño, Germán Efromovich. Aun, antes del pronunciamiento de la Corte, y luego del levantamiento del cese de actividades que duró 51 días, el presidente de la Asociación Colombiana de Aviadores Civiles, Acdac, Jaime Hernández dijo a una emisora radial: “La persecución continúa, hay 23 pilotos que están en tierra, Avianca no los deja volar con la excusa de los procesos disciplinarios que está adelantando sin que haya habido un fallo de la Corte, o sea que la huelga se presume legal y todos los atropellos continúan al interior de la empresa”.

La nota de disenso en la Corte estuvo a cargo de la magistrada Clara Cecilia Dueñas quien hizo salvamento de voto argumentando que el transporte aéreo no es un servicio público esencial, porque este no es vital para una comunidad y su interrupción no pone en peligro la vida, la salud y la seguridad de las personas: “La Corte cae en el equívoco de no establecer una conexión directa entre el transporte aéreo y la garantía de la vida, la salud y la seguridad de las personas, sino que lo hace a través de otros derechos presuntamente trasgredidos como el de la movilidad y libre circulación. Al hacerlo de esta forma el fallo infringe la regla hermenéutica de interpretación de los derechos fundamentales, en virtud de la cual su protección debe garantizarse al máximo y sus restricciones interpretarse restrictivamente”.

La magistrada también dijo que le huelga es un derecho fundamental de los trabajadores y se calificó de esencial un servicio que no tiene ese carácter, aún en contra de las decisiones de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo, OIT, que señalan que la actividad de los pilotos no es esencial. También argumenta que impuso al sindicato dos requisitos de imposible cumplimiento: votación presencial y más de la mitad de votos de los trabajadores de la empresa.

Reacción de la CUT

Luego del fallo, el presidente de la Central Unitaria de Trabajadores, CUT, Luis Alejandro Pedraza, hizo una valoración: “Es una alianza entre empresarios, Gobierno y la Justicia que hace negación de los convenios internacionales de la OIT, que se han ratificado en el país, y que dan garantías de libertad sindical y negociación colectiva”.

Sobre uno de los argumento de la sentencia dice que se impuso una desmentida tesis la cual asegura que todos los trabajadores de una empresa deben votar en plenitud, así no todos sean parte del sindicato que negocia la convención y que tiene por ley el derecho de votar de manera interna por huelga o tribunal. Además, que hay tres sindicatos más en esa empresa.

“Desde el principio la Ministra de Trabajo siempre mantuvo el criterio de que ese era un derecho esencial, cuando hay otra importante cantidad de aerolíneas, y es lo mismo que dice el tribunal de Cundinamarca y se reafirma por la Corte”, expresó el dirigente sindical, quien también cuestionó el hecho de que el presidente de la ANDI, Bruce Mac Master, expresara que la negociación colectiva en Avianca era un soborno a la empresa: “Es un lenguaje irresponsable que hace sindicaciones que rayan con el Código Penal, en un país decente no hubiera pasado por el silencio de la Justicia”.

Para el Presidente de la CUT, la determinación de la Justicia es una amenaza a todos los trabajadores porque: “…le rompe el espinazo a la negociación colectiva con todos sus derechos como el de la huelga y al tribunal. Entonces, qué van a hacer con el sector petrolero el año entrante. ¿Nos van a decir que el tema petrolero es un derecho esencial porque se necesita para las cocinas o para movilizar los carros?”

Otra lectura

Para el abogado laboralista, Nicolás Escandón, entre los factores más llamativos del proceso que originó la sentencia se resaltan los siguientes: Haber negado la intervención de la CUT como coadyuvante dentro del proceso en su calidad de central sindical, al considerar que no estaba legitimada para actuar en tal sentido; negar el reconocimiento formal y real de que las partes habían declarado con actos previos la calidad del sindicato Acdac como de “gremio”, y con ello señalar el incumplimiento a la regla de votación del artículo 444 del CST; realizar un análisis restrictivo del alcance de obligatoriedad de los Convenios 87 y 98 de la OIT, así como de las recomendaciones y doctrina de sus órganos autorizados, al considerar que la ley 336 de 1996 en su exposición de motivos señalaba que el transporte aéreo era un servicio público esencial; no valorar con claridad la categoría de servicio público esencial; considerar que el requisito legal frente a la facultad de constatación de actas por parte del Mintrabajo podía ser obviado bajo el hecho notorio de existencia de la huelga desconociendo su propia jurisprudencia.

“Por su parte, el magistrado Botero de forma crítica manifestó que la Sala acogió ‘una teoría del derecho colectivo del enemigo, en el que se hace necesario reprimir y sancionar el disenso, aunque los trabajadores hayan ejercido un derecho constitucional de manera pacífica’. De paso dijo que la CUT, ‘debió ser escuchada en el trámite judicial ya que tenía interés legítimo’ valorando la negativa de la coadyuvancia como una violación al derecho al debido proceso que contradice los precedentes judiciales de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos”, explicó a VOZ el jurista Escandón, quien terminó diciendo que los salvamentos de voto abrieron una puerta judicial hacia la Corte Constitucional (vía tutela), el Comité de Libertad Sindical (queja) y posiblemente ante la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (petición).

Ahora la CUT hace un trabajo fuerte al interior de la OIT para que nombre una comisión de alto nivel que visite a Colombia y constate las irregularidades. Asimismo, los sindicatos que preparan protestas ya ven con desconfianza el proceder de diferentes entes estatales que de manera directa les niegan su derecho fundamental a la huelga.

113 Comentarios

  1. An interesting discussion is definitely worth comment. I do believe that
    you need to write more on this topic, it may not be
    a taboo subject but typically people do not speak about these subjects.
    To the next! Many thanks!!

  2. Hello, I do believe your website could possibly be having internet browser compatibility issues.
    Whenever I look at your site in Safari, it looks fine but
    when opening in IE, it has some overlapping issues.

    I simply wanted to provide you with a quick heads up!
    Other than that, wonderful blog!

  3. With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright violation? My site has a lot of unique content I’ve either created myself or outsourced but it seems a lot
    of it is popping it up all over the internet without my
    permission. Do you know any ways to help prevent content
    from being ripped off? I’d certainly appreciate it.

  4. Right here is the perfect web site for anybody who wants to find out
    about this topic. You know a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that I
    really will need to…HaHa). You certainly put a fresh spin on a topic that’s been discussed for a
    long time. Great stuff, just excellent!

  5. I will immediately clutch your rss feed as I can’t in finding your email subscription link
    or newsletter service. Do you have any? Please allow me understand so that I may
    just subscribe. Thanks.

  6. Definitely believe that which you said. Your favourite reason appeared
    to be at the internet the simplest factor to bear in mind
    of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people consider concerns that they just don’t understand
    about. You controlled to hit the nail upon the highest as smartly as outlined out
    the entire thing without having side-effects , other people could take
    a signal. Will probably be again to get more.
    Thank you

  7. Hi there! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to
    rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not
    seeing very good results. If you know of any please share.
    Appreciate it!

  8. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though
    you relied on the video to make your point. You obviously know what youre talking about,
    why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your site when you
    could be giving us something informative to read?

  9. What you composed made a lot of sense. But, think on this, what if you
    added a little content? I am not saying your content is not good, however what if you
    added a post title that makes people desire more?
    I mean Le cortan las alas al derecho de huelga – Semanario Voz is a little plain. You ought to
    look at Yahoo’s front page and watch how they create article titles
    to grab people to click. You might try adding a video or a related pic or two
    to get readers interested about what you’ve got to say.

    Just my opinion, it could bring your posts a little bit more interesting.

  10. Hey! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after checking through some of the post I realized it’s new to me.
    Anyhow, I’m definitely glad I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back frequently!

  11. We’re a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.
    Your website offered us with useful information to work on. You
    have done a formidable job and our whole group will likely be grateful to you.

  12. Hmm it appears like your site ate my first comment (it was super long) so I
    guess I’ll just sum it up what I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to everything.
    Do you have any points for beginner blog writers?
    I’d really appreciate it.

  13. Please let me know if you’re looking for a author for your blog.
    You have some really good posts and I feel I would be a good asset.
    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some content for your blog in exchange
    for a link back to mine. Please blast me an email if interested.
    Thanks!

  14. Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites
    I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It will always be helpful
    to read through articles from other authors and practice a little something
    from other web sites.

  15. After looking at a handful of the articles on your web page, I honestly appreciate your way of writing a blog.
    I book-marked it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back in the near future.

    Please visit my web site too and tell me how you feel.

  16. I do agree with all of the concepts you have presented for your post.
    They are really convincing and will definitely work.

    Nonetheless, the posts are too short for beginners.
    May you please lengthen them a little from subsequent time?
    Thank you for the post.

  17. I have to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this website.
    I am hoping to view the same high-grade content from you
    later on as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities
    has motivated me to get my very own website now 😉

  18. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be really something which I
    think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me.
    I’m looking forward for your next post, I will try
    to get the hang of it!

  19. You are so interesting! I don’t think I’ve read a single thing like that before.
    So wonderful to find somebody with genuine thoughts on this issue.
    Really.. thanks for starting this up. This site is one thing that
    is required on the web, someone with a bit of originality!

  20. Does your website have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it but,
    I’d like to send you an email. I’ve got some creative ideas
    for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great site and I look forward to
    seeing it expand over time.

  21. Great goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff
    previous to and you’re just extremely magnificent.

    I really like what you’ve acquired here, really like what you are stating and the way in which you say
    it. You make it entertaining and you still care for to keep it
    wise. I can not wait to read far more from you.

    This is really a wonderful site.

  22. Thanks for the marvelous posting! I truly enjoyed reading it, you can be
    a great author. I will be sure to bookmark your blog and will often come back in the foreseeable future.

    I want to encourage you to ultimately continue your great work,
    have a nice afternoon!

  23. I’m very pleased to find this great site. I want to to thank
    you for ones time due to this fantastic read!!
    I definitely enjoyed every little bit of it and i also have you book
    marked to check out new things on your blog.

  24. Hi there, I discovered your site by way of Google at the same time as looking for a comparable subject, your site came up, it
    seems good. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, simply was aware of your weblog via Google,
    and found that it’s truly informative. I am going to watch out for brussels.
    I’ll appreciate when you proceed this in future.
    A lot of other people can be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  25. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account
    your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your augment and even I
    achievement you access consistently quickly.

  26. This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I have joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your wonderful
    post. Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!

  27. Hey! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble
    with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing
    many months of hard work due to no back up. Do you have
    any methods to protect against hackers?

  28. Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the
    internet the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get irked while
    people think about worries that they just don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side-effects ,
    people can take a signal. Will likely be back to get more.
    Thanks

  29. Howdy! This post could not be written any better!
    Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate!
    He always kept talking about this. I will forward
    this article to him. Fairly certain he will have
    a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  30. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about this, like you
    wrote the book in it or something. I think that you could
    do with some pics to drive the message home a little bit, but instead of
    that, this is magnificent blog. An excellent read.
    I will certainly be back.

  31. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems
    as though you relied on the video to make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about,
    why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you could
    be giving us something enlightening to read?

  32. Hi, I do think this is an excellent web site. I stumbledupon it
    😉 I will return yet again since i have book-marked it.

    Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and
    continue to guide other people.

  33. Have you ever considered about including a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is valuable and all. But just imagine if you added some great visuals or
    videos to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with pics and clips, this
    website could undeniably be one of the best in its
    niche. Excellent blog!

  34. What i do not realize is in reality how you’re not really a
    lot more smartly-appreciated than you might
    be right now. You’re so intelligent. You understand thus considerably when it
    comes to this matter, made me for my part imagine it from numerous varied angles.
    Its like women and men are not involved until it’s something to accomplish with Woman gaga!
    Your individual stuffs outstanding. Always care for it
    up!

  35. It is the best time to make some plans for the future
    and it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I
    wish to suggest you few interesting things or advice. Perhaps you
    could write next articles referring to this article. I desire to
    read more things about it!

  36. Have you ever considered creating an ebook or guest authoring on other
    websites? I have a blog centered on the same ideas you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my visitors would value your work.
    If you are even remotely interested, feel free to send me an email.

  37. Hey! Quick question that’s completely off topic.

    Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My website looks weird when browsing from my iphone.
    I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able
    to fix this issue. If you have any suggestions, please share.
    Cheers!

  38. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was curious what all is required to get set up?
    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very internet savvy so I’m not 100% sure.
    Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated. Many thanks

  39. Wow that was strange. I just wrote an extremely long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyhow, just wanted
    to say wonderful blog!

  40. Hello! This is my first visit to your blog!
    We are a collection of volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same niche.
    Your blog provided us valuable information to work on. You have done a marvellous
    job!

  41. Aw, this was a really nice post. Taking a few minutes and actual effort to make a superb article… but what can I say… I procrastinate
    a whole lot and never manage to get nearly anything done.

  42. Hello there! This article could not be written much better!
    Reading through this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He always kept preaching about this. I most certainly will forward
    this post to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thank you
    for sharing!

  43. Great blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download
    it from somewhere? A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog jump out.
    Please let me know where you got your theme. Thanks

  44. You could definitely see your enthusiasm within the article you write.
    The arena hopes for more passionate writers such as you who are not afraid to say
    how they believe. Always follow your heart.

  45. I’m amazed, I have to admit. Rarely do I come across a blog that’s equally
    educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you have hit the nail on the head.

    The problem is something which too few men and women are speaking intelligently
    about. I’m very happy that I found this in my hunt for something relating to this.

  46. Hello there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my zynga
    group? There’s a lot of folks that I think would
    really enjoy your content. Please let me know. Many thanks

  47. Howdy just wanted to give you a quick heads up.

    The words in your article seem to be running off the screen in Chrome.
    I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with web browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let
    you know. The style and design look great though! Hope you get the problem resolved soon. Many thanks

  48. Hello there! This post couldn’t be written any better!
    Reading this post reminds me of my old room mate!
    He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this post
    to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read.
    Thanks for sharing!

  49. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I genuinely enjoyed reading it, you will be a great author.
    I will make sure to bookmark your blog and may come back in the foreseeable future.
    I want to encourage that you continue your great work,
    have a nice weekend!

  50. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could
    add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and
    was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something
    like this. Please let me know if you run into anything. I
    truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  51. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after browsing through some of the post I realized it’s new
    to me. Anyways, I’m definitely glad I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back often!

  52. I’m not sure why but this blog is loading very slow for me.
    Is anyone else having this issue or is it a problem on my end?
    I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

  53. Greetings from Idaho! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to check out your site on my iphone during lunch break.
    I love the info you provide here and can’t wait to
    take a look when I get home. I’m amazed at how fast your blog loaded on my
    phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, very good blog!

  54. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact
    was a enjoyment account it. Glance advanced to more added agreeable from
    you! By the way, how could we be in contact?

  55. Hi there I am so thrilled I found your weblog,
    I really found you by error, while I was browsing on Askjeeve for something else, Anyways
    I am here now and would just like to say thanks a
    lot for a marvelous post and a all round entertaining blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t
    have time to read it all at the minute but I have book-marked
    it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to
    read a lot more, Please do keep up the fantastic job.

  56. I truly love your blog.. Excellent colors & theme. Did you build this site yourself?
    Please reply back as I’m trying to create my very own website and want to
    find out where you got this from or exactly what the theme is named.
    Kudos!

  57. Fantastic goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff
    previous to and you’re just too excellent. I actually like what you
    have acquired here, certainly like what you’re stating
    and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining
    and you still care for to keep it wise. I can not wait to read far
    more from you. This is actually a great website.

  58. Hi would you mind letting me know which web
    host you’re working with? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers and
    I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most.
    Can you suggest a good hosting provider at a reasonable price?

    Many thanks, I appreciate it!

  59. Hi would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m planning to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a difficult time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.
    P.S My apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  60. Hi my loved one! I want to say that this article is
    awesome, great written and come with approximately all important
    infos. I would like to look extra posts like this .

  61. Hey there! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so
    I came to check it out. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking and
    will be tweeting this to my followers! Wonderful blog and
    brilliant style and design.

  62. Right here is the right site for everyone who hopes to understand this topic.
    You realize a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that I really would want to…HaHa).
    You certainly put a brand new spin on a subject that’s been written about for many
    years. Excellent stuff, just great!

  63. Hey there this is kinda of off topic but I was wondering if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with
    HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding experience so I wanted to get advice from someone with experience.
    Any help would be enormously appreciated!

  64. Hi! I know this is kinda off topic but I’d figured I’d ask.

    Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest authoring a
    blog article or vice-versa? My blog addresses a lot of the same subjects as yours and I
    feel we could greatly benefit from each other. If you
    happen to be interested feel free to shoot me an e-mail.
    I look forward to hearing from you! Terrific blog by the way!

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

*