La revolución de Francia Márquez

550
3648
Corregimiento de La Toma en Suárez, Cauca. Foto Mauricio Rodríguez.

En el Cauca se viven las revoluciones de pueblos que, desde cientos de años, han luchado por su libertad y hoy siguen en la brega por la liberación de la madre tierra

Mauricio Rodríguez

Desde las montañas imponentes de Suárez, que alimentan al Cauca y vierten el agua que da vida a la región y al país, se escucha la voz del Consejo Comunitario de La Toma, donde a partir de pequeñas revoluciones, hombres y mujeres afrodescendientes han enfrentado, no sin riesgos, el impacto de la minería del oro, tanto de la ilegal, que poco a poco ha desplazado el barequeo artesanal de los pueblos negros, como la minería trasnacional, que cada día impone su política extractivista en los territorios colombianos.

El Consejo Comunitario de La Toma ha logrado luchas memorables en la defensa de su territorio, ante los intereses trasnacionales extractivistas y de la minería ilegal apoyada con los brazos paraestatales de la violencia. Tras una larga lucha política y jurídica, este Consejo Comunitario logró la suspensión de varios títulos mineros otorgados a compañías trasnacionales como Anglogold Ashanti, tras un histórico fallo de la Corte Constitucional que protegió los derechos de los pueblos negros a la consulta previa.

Francia Márquez

En este contexto de luchas y de revoluciones por la tierra y el agua, emergió el corazón rebelde de Francia Márquez, mujer negra, ambientalista y lideresa social, quien, desde La Toma, lanzó un grito de indignación que se sintió en toda la región caucana y mucho más allá de las fronteras nacionales.

De niña padeció los rigores de la violencia, y con su familia se desplazó de Yolombó al Cauca para surcar nuevos caminos. En medio de la guerra y la minería, decidió estudiar derecho y hacerse abogada para comprender los intríngulis de los lenguajes institucionales, desde los cuales, el Estado habla a los mineros artesanales para ir sacándolos de los territorios; se vinculó a procesos de investigación territorial, de la mano de académicos como Arturo Escobar e Hildebrando Vélez, con los cuales trabajó para construir nuevos referentes teóricos y políticos en la defensa del agua, la cultura y el territorio.

Premio Goldman y defensa de la vida

En 2018 aspiró a la Cámara de Representantes por la Circunscripción Afrodescendiente con el respaldo del Consejo Comunitario del Río Yurumanguí, al lado de líder juvenil de Buenaventura, Leonard Rentería, y aunque los votos no le alcanzaron para llegar al Congreso, Francia se consolidó como un ícono de las luchas de los pueblos negros por la defensa de los bienes comunes.

En 2018 recibió el Premio Goldman como reconocimiento a su incansable lucha por los derechos de la naturaleza y de los pueblos afrodescendientes. Este galardón le ha permitido visibilizar las difíciles circunstancias en que las organizaciones comunitarias del Cauca deben enfrentar las presiones de la minería, la violencia institucionalizada, la pobreza y la desigualdad.

Su voz ha alcanzado un importante reconocimiento internacional, y sin embargo, sigue siendo la luchadora que desde el Cauca enfrenta las políticas de desarraigo, al mismo tiempo que lucha por alcanzar la paz de Colombia. Hace pocos días fue víctima de un atentado contra su vida y la de otros líderes afrodescendientes, en hechos que aun no han sido esclarecidos por el Estado Colombiano.

Francia Márquez hace parte de ese complejo grupo de líderes y lideresas sociales, que hoy enfrentan no solo los intereses del extractivismo trasnacional, sino que al mismo tiempo, deben salvaguardarse de las amenazas y los atentados ante el silencio impune de las instituciones nacionales; por esa razón, ella y otro grupo de representantes de las luchas territoriales, lanzaron hace pocos días una campaña de visibilización denominada #UnLíderEnMiLugar.

Líderes y lideresas

Así como ella, cientos de liderazgos enfrentan hoy en el Cauca una lucha intensa en defensa de los bienes comunes para limitar la intensificación de los proyectos mineros; de acuerdo con los datos de la Agencia Nacional de Minas (2017), en esta región se han expedido más  de 200 títulos mineros para la explotación del oro, el Estado colombiano ha otorgado 399 contratos de concesión minera y ha autorizado más de 160 solicitudes temporales de explotación aurífera, sin contar los contratos y concesiones para la explotación de carbón y materiales de construcción.

La minería del oro a gran escala en el departamento del Cauca, representa cerca del 10% del total nacional, y sus efectos sobre los ríos y regiones productivas ha sido devastador, ya sea por la utilización de químicos que envenenan las aguas, o por el impacto que tiene la explotación minera en el incremento del desplazamiento de las poblaciones de las áreas otorgadas a las empresas concesionarias.

También en esta región se han incrementado los asesinatos de líderes sociales, las amenazas y los atentados, como el sufrido por Francia Márquez y otros dirigentes afrodescendientes; el Cauca es el departamento donde se han producido más asesinatos a líderes sociales, en lo que va corrido del gobierno del presidente Duque. La protección de los representantes de las organizaciones comunitarias es irrisoria y no hay manera de mitigar los riesgos de la violencia institucionalizada.

Rebeliones contra la minería

Pero en medio de estas difíciles circunstancias, los pueblos negros del Cauca siguen tejiendo sus pequeñas revoluciones, las revoluciones en defensa del agua y de la tierra, de la siembra y el pan. En el Cauca se viven las revoluciones de pueblos que desde cientos de años han luchado por su libertad y que hoy siguen en la brega por la liberación de la madre tierra.

Son las rebeliones contra la minería y por el derecho a la vida; son las rebeliones contra el extractivismo y por el derecho al territorio, las revoluciones por la paz, que resurgen desde las montañas de Suárez para proteger la vida del Río Cauca, la vida de todos y todas que desde esas montañas claman por la paz y esperan contar con el despertar de un país que pareciera condenado al eterno silencio.

550 Comentarios

  1. I would like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put
    in penning this site. I am hoping to view the same high-grade content by you in the future as well.
    In truth, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own, personal site now ;
    )

  2. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d most certainly donate to this outstanding blog!
    I guess for now i’ll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed
    to my Google account. I look forward to new updates and will share this
    blog with my Facebook group. Chat soon!

  3. I’m impressed, I have to admit. Seldom do I come across a blog that’s both
    equally educative and entertaining, and without a doubt, you
    have hit the nail on the head. The problem is an issue
    that too few men and women are speaking intelligently about.

    I’m very happy that I stumbled across this in my search for something regarding this.

  4. An interesting discussion is definitely worth comment.
    There’s no doubt that that you need to write more on this subject,
    it may not be a taboo matter but usually people don’t speak about such issues.
    To the next! All the best!!

  5. Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the internet the simplest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people consider worries
    that they just do not know about. You managed to hit the nail
    upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side
    effect , people could take a signal. Will likely be back to
    get more. Thanks

  6. Great blog! Do you have any tips for aspiring writers?

    I’m hoping to start my own website soon but I’m a little
    lost on everything. Would you suggest starting with a free platform like WordPress or go
    for a paid option? There are so many choices out
    there that I’m totally confused .. Any suggestions? Kudos!

  7. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally,
    it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.

    You obviously know what youre talking about, why
    waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something informative
    to read?

  8. Its such as you read my thoughts! You seem to grasp so much about this,
    like you wrote the e book in it or something.
    I feel that you simply could do with a few percent to power
    the message house a bit, however instead of that, this is great blog.

    An excellent read. I’ll certainly be back.

  9. May I just say what a relief to find someone that actually knows what they’re discussing on the web.

    You certainly understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important.
    A lot more people need to read this and understand this side of your story.

    I was surprised that you are not more popular because you definitely
    have the gift.

  10. Howdy outstanding website! Does running a blog such as this require a great deal
    of work? I’ve absolutely no understanding of programming
    but I was hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyhow, should you have any recommendations or techniques for new blog owners please
    share. I know this is off subject nevertheless
    I just had to ask. Thanks a lot!

  11. Excellent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely great.
    I actually like what you’ve acquired here, really like
    what you are stating and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still care for to keep it smart.
    I cant wait to read far more from you. This is actually a wonderful site.

  12. The next time I read a blog, I hope that it does not disappoint me just as much as this particular one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read through, however I genuinely thought you would have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about something you could fix if you weren’t too busy searching for attention.

  13. Thank you, I have just been searching for info approximately this subject for a while and
    yours is the best I have came upon so far. However, what concerning the bottom line?
    Are you certain in regards to the source?

  14. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve been to this web site before but after browsing through some of
    the posts I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m certainly happy I stumbled upon it and I’ll be
    book-marking it and checking back frequently!

  15. I have been surfing online more than 2 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be a lot more useful than ever before.. viagra coupons

  16. Pretty nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say
    that I have truly enjoyed browsing your weblog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your rss
    feed and I am hoping you write once more very soon!

  17. Pretty nice post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wished to mention that I’ve truly loved browsing your weblog posts.

    After all I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write once more
    soon!

  18. I think this is among the most vital information for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. But want to remark on some general things, The website style
    is great, the articles is really excellent : D.
    Good job, cheers

  19. I am not positive where you’re getting your info, but good topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning much more or working out more.
    Thanks for great info I was searching for this information for my mission.

  20. This design is incredible! You obviously know how to keep a reader entertained.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved
    to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Great job. I really
    enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it.
    Too cool!

  21. I do consider all of the ideas you have offered on your post.
    They are very convincing and will certainly work.
    Still, the posts are very quick for starters. May just you please
    lengthen them a little from subsequent time?
    Thanks for the post.

  22. the quieter syllable the discoloured to of the completive: «I don’t despise we did reach run after ed pills (60 feces) trounce federal junkie of Can-C 1 N-acetylcarnosine orb is resolute blaze perfectly to people

  23. I do believe all the ideas you’ve presented on your post.
    They’re really convincing and can definitely work. Nonetheless, the posts are very brief for starters.
    Could you please prolong them a little from subsequent time?
    Thanks for the post.

  24. The Only Guide to purchasing College Essays IS CURRENTLY Easier THAN EVER BEFORE. But Buyer … Allow’s end up being truthful. Creating essays and also many other scholastic documents is actually a challenge for just about any sort of pupil. There’s actually no pity in speaking with an individual for support. In the event that you google the word «compose my essay», you will certainly view numerous websites using composing companies for cash. And EssayShark is normally one particular companies.4 Alongside expositions, our specialists can easily prep a discussion, speech, situation study, research paper, dissertation, in addition to a lot more. Our writers division can take care of any kind of assignment of any kind of difficulty promptly. All you need to have is certainly to provide our company thorough guidelines to greatly help our pros recognize the activity. Our experts understand that students are in fact strict on spending plan, which explains why our team carry out all possible to help make the company economical for just about any sort of wallet.

    [url=https://www.ukdissertations.net/dissertation-writing-process/]find more info[/url]

  25. Excellent blog you have got here.. It’s hard to find high-quality writing like yours these days.
    I honestly appreciate individuals like you!
    Take care!!

  26. Hi! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering if you
    knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form?

    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having trouble finding one?
    Thanks a lot!

  27. Rely allowing the us that cease up Trimix Hips are habitually not associated for refractory other causes, when combined together, mexican drugstore online have one’s heart set on a extremely unstable that is treated representing the instance generic viagra online Adverse Cardiac. buy cheap viagra herbal viagra

  28. First of all I would like to say fantastic blog!
    I had a quick question in which I’d like to ask if you do not mind.
    I was curious to find out how you center yourself and clear your thoughts prior to writing.

    I’ve had trouble clearing my mind in getting my ideas
    out there. I do take pleasure in writing however it just seems like the
    first 10 to 15 minutes are wasted just trying to figure out how
    to begin. Any recommendations or hints? Cheers!

  29. Hey there are using WordPress for your blog platform?
    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you need any coding knowledge to make your own blog?
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  30. You actually make it appear really easy with your
    presentation however I find this matter to be actually
    something which I feel I might never understand. It kind of feels too complex and very
    extensive for me. I’m having a look ahead in your subsequent
    submit, I’ll attempt to get the dangle of it!

  31. We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.
    Your web site provided us with valuable info to work on.
    You have done a formidable job and our whole community will be grateful to
    you.
    Jay’s Santa Clarita Tree Removal Kings
    26174 Las Lanas Ct, Santa Clarita, CA 91355
    661-464-1270
    laureljefferson09875@gmail.com

  32. I’ll immediately grasp your rss feed as I can not in finding your email subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly permit me know in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  33. Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your content seem to be running off the screen in Opera. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with internet browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let you know. The layout look great though! Hope you get the problem solved soon. Cheers

  34. My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he’s tryiong none the less.
    I’ve been using WordPress on various websites for about a year
    and am nervous about switching to another platform.
    I have heard good things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content into it?
    Any kind of help would be really appreciated!

  35. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all people you actually know what
    you are speaking about! Bookmarked. Kindly also consult with my site =).
    We can have a hyperlink alternate arrangement among us

  36. I’m really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a nice blog like this one these days.

  37. Hello! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after browsing through some
    of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back often!

  38. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.
    Your web site offered us with valuable information to work on. You have done a formidable job
    and our whole community will be thankful to you.

  39. Greetings! I know this is kinda off topic however ,
    I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest
    writing a blog post or vice-versa? My blog addresses
    a lot of the same topics as yours and I think we could greatly benefit from each other.
    If you are interested feel free to shoot me an e-mail.
    I look forward to hearing from you! Excellent blog by the way!

  40. I am not sure where you are getting your information, but great topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for wonderful information I was looking for this info for my mission.

  41. I’m not sure exactly why but this site is loading incredibly slow
    for me. Is anyone else having this problem or is it a problem on my end?
    I’ll check back later on and see if the problem still exists.

  42. An interesting discussion is definitely worth comment.
    I think that you should publish more on this topic, it may not be a taboo subject
    but generally folks don’t discuss such subjects. To the next!
    Kind regards!!

  43. Hello, Neat post. There is an issue together with your
    website in internet explorer, might check this?
    IE nonetheless is the marketplace chief and a huge element of other
    folks will omit your magnificent writing due
    to this problem.

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

*