La crisis, otra vez la lucha contra desigualdad

24
1222
Habitantes de Wuhan, China.

Cuando menos se esperaba, llegó la crisis, esta vez cuando los inversionistas, el capital financiero el capital comercial, veía con optimismo el futuro, debido a la aparente superación de la guerra de los aranceles desatada por Donald Trump contra la economía China.

El Fondo Monetario Internacional, el Banco Central Europeo y todos los analistas y comentaristas económicos, vaticinaban que esa guerra en el mediano plazo afectaría de manera severa la economía mundial. Por esa razón el anuncio del cese de la guerra hizo que inmediatamente esos organismos pronosticaran incrementos en los indicadores de crecimiento económico y disminución de las tasas de desempleo a nivel mundial.

Pero se presentó el coronavirus en la provincia china de Wuhan, con aproximadamente 11 millones de habitantes y centro industrial importante, especialmente productor de artículos de novísima tecnología e importador de materias primas y exportador de automóviles, de aparatos de comunicación y otros aparatos de tecnología avanzada.

Por otro lado, la guerra de los aranceles, dejó al descubierto la debilidad de la economía estadounidense y su relativa dependencia de la economía China: crisis de los estados productores de soya al disminuir las compras del país asiático y desplazar sus compras hacia Brasil y Argentina. El alto riesgo de crisis ante la exigencia de China de recoger los bonos soberanos de la deuda norteamericana que posee.

La actual crisis bursátil, es la manifestación de una serie de factores que pesan negativamente sobre la economía mundial: la financiarización, el alto nivel de endeudamiento de algunos estados; la disminución de la tasa de ganancia, la altísima concentración de la riqueza mundial, recordemos los informes de la Oxfam; las contradicciones entre los grandes productores de petróleo; la lucha de los Estados Unidos por recuperar su protagonismo y liderazgo en la producción e innovación tecnológica. El coronavirus, no es sino la chispa que incendia ese material inflamable.

No olvidemos que es propio de la naturaleza del capitalismo las crisis económicas, “esas interrupciones violentas del trabajo”, que destruyen el capital excedente. Que además aprovecha el capital especulativo. Por tanto, el coronavirus, no es sino el detonante, no la causa.

Esta vez se ha manifestado, como suele suceder, en las Bolsas, y allí destruye parte del capital, destaquemos que en el primer lunes en la Bolsa de Colombia Ecopetrol perdió el 24 por ciento de su capital accionario, en una sola jornada. Las pérdidas de esa empresa fundamento de los ingresos fiscales del Estado colombiano, tanto que ha obligado al ministro de Hacienda a reunirse con el equipo de dirección del Banco de la República para ver como defienden a Ecopetrol y afrontan la crisis.

A nivel mundial la crisis servirá para dirimir la hegemonía en el campo del petróleo entre Estados Unidos, Arabia Saudita y Rusia y simultáneamente el rol que seguirá jugando la Unión Europea y el euro en la economía global y la expansión de la economía china a nivel del orbe.

La brusca caída del precio del petróleo y los graves problemas que está causando y seguirá causando a la economía colombiana, señala los graves errores cometidos por la clase gobernante del país al aferrarse a la forma de acumulación  capitalista fundamentada “ los hidrocarburos, la hidroenergía, la minería, los megaproyectos infraestructurales y los agronegocios (especialmente de agrocombustibles), y las plataformas para la exportación y forma de articularse al mercado mundial, mediante la exportación de ese recurso…”.

El hecho cierto es que la crisis que afrontamos echa por tierra todos los pronósticos de un crecimiento de la economía colombiana del orden de 3,5 por ciento, según alardeaba el ministro de Hacienda incluso el Banco de la República. Seguramente el crecimiento del Producto Interno estará muy por debajo de ese porcentaje. En consecuencia, el Estado tendrá graves problemas fiscales y los empresarios privados verán afectados sus ingresos y se disparará el desempleo.

Ante estas circunstancias la historia se repite: El presidente Iván Duque y los empresarios dirán que todos debemos apretarnos el cinturón, que debemos unirnos para afrontar la crisis y poder salir adelante como país. Ese discurso significa que los asalariados debemos aceptar la reducción temporal de algunas prestaciones, incremento salarial por debajo del índice de la inflación, eliminación de los recargos por trabajo nocturno; reducción de los presupuestos destinados a la cultura, a la salud etc.

Ante estas propuestas el movimiento sindical y los movimientos sociales deben sumar a sus objetivos de lucha la defensa de las prestaciones sociales conquistadas tras largas jornadas en las calles de Colombia y construir un petitorio que haga posible, por ejemplo, avanzar en la igualdad salarial de género, objetivo movilizador del movimiento de mujeres; recuperación de las dos horas de recargo por trabajo nocturno que Álvaro Uribe escamoteó a los trabajadores, incremento de los días de licencia por maternidad y eliminación del trabajo informal en el sector oficial. En fin, ante la crisis, sistematicemos y organicemos más eficazmente la protesta social. Es la hora de reanudar la lucha.

24 Comentarios

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    Read in to find out exactly how to start your property garden today.

    To store your current garden-fresh onions for usage all over the winter and avoid getting rot or mold,
    shop them throughout pantyhose! Certainly, pantyhose!
    Simply place the onions into the legs of pantyhose, and, to avoid permitting them effect one one other (which is what helps create mold together with rot), area a twist link involving each onion as well
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    and cut away or even pop a ditch inside the pantyhose to pick up
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    If you are planning an water sources program for your garden, think about a drip irrigation system.
    A conventional method using sprinkler heads seems
    to lose some sort of lot water by evaporation.
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    constant slow-moving drip of water under the surface,
    which means fewer waters is wasted through evaporation.

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    Like that you can be ready to inform what type of plants you have without having a good unpleasant white mark.

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    If handled adequately in addition to gently, given the right
    amount of time and energy to get rid of, garlic, onions, special potatoes, squash, dry beans,
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    No canning or freezing required. This can ensure getting fresh vegetables
    through the yard all winter long.

    Pay for attention to the temps in your backyard.
    If it is early, as well as past due date, in the year there is a
    likelihood that your plants could be exposed to frost.
    Getting stuck temperatures will cause several plants to die, plus some that live is not going
    to produce at the degree they will have otherwise.

    Drop is a great time of the particular year to plant a fall organic garden. The slight temps of autumn will be fantastic for cultivating fast-growing,
    cool-season vegetables such like spinach, radishes and member of the lettuce family.

    Developing an autumn garden will require some organizing
    as you need to harvest your salad crop prior to the first frost.
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    They can be particularly successful in shady locations, providing the picture of lighting and depth.

    They will put together superbly with violet blossoms or deep bronze vegetation.
    Good choices include Caryopteris ‘Worcester Gold’, Viburnum ‘Aureum’, a variety of Hostas and Spirea ‘Gold Flame’.

    Plant from the shade. All plants need to have light to survive, but only a few of them need to get brilliant the sun. Plants native to
    wood land regions will be happy when they get protection from the sun’s rays.

    There are many crops that will flourish in a fly-by-night lawn, including Hosta, Couleur,
    Foxglove, Helleborus, Japanese Anemone, and even Ajuga.
    By seeding these kind of, you will have some sort of year-round screen of coloration in even the shadiest associated with gardens.

    In case you have a teen baby, consider putting on the child in a rucksack as you garden. Being outdoors
    is a wonderful stimulating experience to get an infant, plus many people get to spend more
    time with a person. Organic gardening will be most trusted for baby, since right now there is no risk regarding them going through harsh or maybe dangerous chemical substances while anyone work.

    One of often the best ways to become successful with organic farming is
    to plan earlier. The top laid out options for an organic and natural
    yard, often make for the best successful garden. Plan what you would plant early on and even be certain to have back-up greens willing to plant any time short-lived vegetation,
    like lettuce and spinach, are done for the year.

    Reward the areas of your current yard in which grass is going to not grow.
    Do not be discouraged. Do definitely not try to regrow cup there.
    Go ahead and even take this possibility to change
    your ground cover an even more natural choice. Look to get
    something which is low-maintenance, and even put anywhere grass is usually
    struggling to be able to thrive.

    One peculiar yet apparently valuable tip for growing natural plants, should be
    to lightly wash your plants with your current fingers or a little bit of
    cardboard 1-2 times per day. While this appears odd, study shows
    it can help plants develop larger sized, versus not really pampering them all at all.

    Here is definitely a suggestion for natural and organic gardening!
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    To learn how much you need to be able to water, it can be critical for you to know how much normal water the plants received from rain. As rain fall
    may differ greatly within a town, no longer
    be dependent on your own personal weather statement; instead use
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    for free in the event that you question. Some is going to even transport the idea in order to your entry for the small fee.
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