Sobre la crisis del fútbol latinoamericano

175
Selección de Brasil en Rusia 2018, minutos después de ser eliminado por la selección de Bélgica. Foto internet.

Lo ocurrido es la expresión de una crisis que va más allá de lo deportivo, tocando las fibras de la política, el poder y el negocio en el que se ha convertido el fútbol

Óscar Sotelo Ortiz
@oscarsopos

Cuando el referee serbio Milorad Mažić pitó el final del partido en Kazán, el camino de latinoamérica en la Copa Mundo de la FIFA en Rusia, llegaba a su fin. La selección de Bélgica eliminaba con argumentos y buen fútbol al ultrafavorito Brasil. El resultado, que no refleja el contundente partido de los europeos, se decantaba en un 2-1 que le da tiquete de semifinal a una de las más completas selecciones del mundial.

Ese viernes 6 de julio, pero en horas de la mañana y en la ciudad de Nizhni Nóvgorod, caía el seleccionado de Uruguay frente a una sorprendente escuadra francesa, que con pragmatismo futbolístico y superioridad física, superaba en el resultado con un categórico 2-0. Impotentes, sin Edinson Cavani y con un Luis Suárez neutralizado, la selección charrúa le decía adiós a la gesta mundialista.

Estas dos derrotas en cuartos, sumadas a las caídas de Argentina, México y Colombia en octavos de final, dibujan hoy un triste epilogo de la presencia latinoamericana en Rusia 2018. Pasados dieciséis años desde la última victoria de Brasil en el mundial de Corea y Japón, la constante para el continente han sido fracasos y desilusiones.

Aunque la prensa deportiva lo registró sin mayor profundidad como uno de los muchos “batacazos” del mundial, en el fondo, lo ocurrido es la expresión de una crisis que va más allá de lo deportivo, tocando las fibras de la política, el poder y el negocio en el que se ha convertido el fútbol.

Más allá del fútbol

En América Latina el fútbol se vive de otra manera, donde pasión y emotividad marcan una clara diferencia con respecto al balompié que se experimenta pasando el Atlántico. Los clásicos Boca-River en Argentina, Peñarol-Nacional en Uruguay, Corithians- Palmeiras en Brasil, sólo para nombrar algunos, son un ejemplo de como el evento deportivo va más allá del fútbol, pues al ser un fenómeno cultural de fuerte apropiación popular lleva al límite los vínculos de comunidad y de identidad social.

“El fútbol es un hecho cultural y es de la gente” advierte el entrenador argentino Ángel Cappa en el programa Fort Apache dedicado a este deporte. Quien juega el partido, va a la cancha o mira el compromiso por televisión, es un ser que existe bajo un mundo particular. En este sentido es improbable desligar el fenómeno futbolístico de la realidad social, que para el caso particular latinoamericano experimenta rasgos que lo hacen excepcional, por lo tanto un fútbol original.

Una historia original

Desde el mismo momento en el que el pequeño estadio de Pocitos en Montevideo, Uruguay, dio inicio al primer partido de un mundial profesional de fútbol de la FIFA, el público quedo cautivado con el juego que emanaba del continente. Las anécdotas son múltiples y residen en la propia historia de los mundiales.

Aquel maracanazo que propinó el seleccionado uruguayo ganando la Copa Mundo del 50 al anfitrión Brasil frente a doscientos mil personas expectantes. La magia que explayó en Suecia 58 un pequeño de 17 años inscrito en la nómina como Pelé y que llevó a Brasil a reconciliarse con su propia historia futbolística al ganar su primer campeonato del mundo. La destreza de Manoel Francisco dos Santos, Garrincha, el mejor extremo derecho de toda la historia que acarreó el segundo título carioca en Chile 62.

La final de México 70 y la consagración del rey Pelé, que con un 4-1 arriba de Brasil sobre un combativo seleccionado italiano, conducía la dramática sentencia de la prensa inglesa quien comentaba que “debería estar prohibido un fútbol tan bello”. O aquella frase del técnico argentino César Luis Menotti en la charla técnica antes de la final que ganarían a Holanda en el 78 con dos goles de la estrella Kempes: “cuando salgan al campo, no miren hacia al palco, miren a la tribuna. Allí está el pueblo”, aludiendo a la Junta Militar que gobernaba en dictadura a la Argentina.

Recordar la gloria albiceleste de México 86, quien comandadas por un indomable Diego Armando Maradona, se imponía frente a un seleccionado alemán con un 3-2 a su favor; mundial del que se recuerda el partido de cuartos de final, donde la Argentina se imponía contra Inglaterra con dos goles de Maradona, la mano de Dios y el gol más lindo en mundial alguno, llevando la confrontación de las Malvinas al campo deportivo. Y la última épica generacional alcanzada nuevamente por Brasil en Estados Unidos 94 de la mano de Romario, Bebeto, Dunga y Cafu, base deportiva que logró nuevamente el campeonato del 2002 en Corea y Japón, con figuras como Ronaldo, Rivaldo, Ronaldihno Gaucho y Roberto Carlos; el famoso jogo bonito.

Por supuesto se evocan seleccionados latinoamericanos que hicieron historia sin ser campeones. En la memoria está la generación peruana de la década de los 70s, la frustrada camada de los 80s en Brasil, la talentosa pero contaminada selección Colombia de los 90s, y el renacer futbolístico de Paraguay, Chile y Uruguay en los últimos tiempos.

En todo este proceso histórico, la constante fue la combinación de genuinos sistemas de juego con la habilidad de jugadores excepcionales, recreando un fútbol profesional, distinto y ganador.

¿Qué pasó?

El buen fútbol y la competitividad que desplegó latinoamericana, llegó a su fin con la victoria de Brasil en el 2002. Desde ese momento la historia han sido fracasos estrepitosos donde solo queda la buena presentación de Uruguay en Sudáfrica 2010, la interesante actuación de Colombia y Chile como la frustrada final de Argentina, todos en Brasil 2014.

Para entender este desajuste hay que darle lugar a tres variables. El fútbol como negocio, como deporte y como política.

En primer lugar la globalización económica generó un giro desde los años 80s. Al prestigio de las principales ligas europeas se le suma la configuración de equipos multimillonarios logrando la añorada mercantilización del fútbol, convirtiéndolo en uno de los negocios más rentables del mundo. Este proceso se alimenta de un fuerte y violento mercado de jugadores, que beneficia la alta competitividad que demanda Europa, el mundo empresarial y los clubes superpoderosos.

El segundo momento se encuentra en los cambios naturales en el estilo de juego. El fútbol moderno ha cambiado, combinando el necesario talento con un exigente rendimiento físico. Al acaparar la excelencia del profesionalismo, la cualificación deportiva se planifica, se ejecuta y se queda en Europa, obligando a las ligas periféricas no solo a exportar sus mejores elementos sino a emular el estilo del viejo continente. No en vano de las doce ediciones de la Copa Mundial de Clubes de la FIFA, diez títulos han sido para clubes europeos.

Y en tercer lugar se encuentra el lugar que tiene la mafia política en el fútbol, lo cual no es nuevo. En el mismo lugar de la historia donde se ubica a Pelé y Maradona, se encuentran los polémicos Joao Havelange y Julio Grondona. Hoy estás dinámicas combinan el poder de la supranacional privada FIFA y sus asociaciones nacionales, con todo lo que el capitalismo, legal o ilegal, aporte. Rusia 2018 y Qatar 2022 son los mundiales del petróleo paradójicamente en crisis.

Estas irregularidades tienen una amplia repercusión en los proyectos deportivos del sur, pues dificulta el fortalecimiento de las ligas nacionales e imposibilita la construcción de selecciones nacionales que hagan del juego una apuesta atractiva, competitiva y ganadora.

Esta crisis, que hoy nos deja una final de la Copa Mundo entre europeos, se manifiesta como una realidad casi que imposible de cambiar, con un principal perjudicado: el otrora seductor fútbol latinoamericano.

175 Comentarios

  1. Greetings! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site?

    I’m getting fed up of WordPress because I’ve had problems
    with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform.
    I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  2. Hi! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing many months of hard work due to no backup.
    Do you have any methods to prevent hackers?

  3. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it, you could be a great author.I will
    be sure to bookmark your blog and will often come back at some point.
    I want to encourage you to continue your great work, have a nice holiday weekend!

  4. Hello! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and tell
    you I really enjoy reading through your posts.
    Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that deal
    with the same topics? Thanks!

  5. Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I definitely enjoyed reading it, you’re a great author.I will be sure to
    bookmark your blog and definitely will come back later
    in life. I want to encourage you to definitely continue your great writing, have a nice afternoon!

  6. wonderful submit, very informative. I’m wondering why the other
    specialists of this sector do not understand this.
    You must continue your writing. I’m confident, you’ve
    a great readers’ base already!

  7. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your site.

    You have some really good posts and I think I would be a good asset.

    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d absolutely love to write some articles for your blog in exchange
    for a link back to mine. Please send me an email if interested.
    Thanks!

  8. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital
    to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Anyway I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  9. Hi great blog! Does running a blog like this require a great deal of work?
    I have no understanding of computer programming but I was hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyway, should you have any recommendations or techniques for new blog owners please share.
    I know this is off subject however I simply needed to ask.
    Thank you!

  10. I’m excited to discover this web site. I want to
    to thank you for your time for this particularly fantastic read!!
    I definitely enjoyed every bit of it and I have you saved as a favorite to look at new information on your blog.

  11. Simply desire to say your article is as surprising.

    The clearness on your publish is just great and i could think you’re knowledgeable in this
    subject. Well along with your permission allow me to grasp your feed to stay updated with imminent post.
    Thank you one million and please carry on the enjoyable work.

  12. Please let me know if you’re looking for a writer for your blog.
    You have some really good posts and I believe I would be a
    good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off,
    I’d love to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please send me an e-mail if interested. Thanks!

  13. Hello there! I know this is kind of off topic but I was
    wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form?

    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having problems finding one?
    Thanks a lot!

  14. My spouse and I stumbled over here different
    website and thought I should check things out. I like what I see so i am
    just following you. Look forward to finding out about your web page repeatedly.

  15. Someone necessarily lend a hand to make significantly articles I’d state.
    That is the very first time I frequented your web page and up to now?

    I amazed with the analysis you made to create this particular put up amazing.
    Magnificent process!

  16. Hey there I am so grateful I found your weblog, I really found you by accident, while I was
    searching on Askjeeve for something else, Regardless I am here now and would just like to say thank you
    for a fantastic post and a all round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read it all at the minute but I have
    book-marked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I
    will be back to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the fantastic b.

  17. What i don’t realize is in reality how you’re no longer really a lot more smartly-preferred than you
    might be now. You’re very intelligent. You already know thus considerably
    with regards to this matter, produced me for my part believe it from so many varied
    angles. Its like women and men don’t seem to be interested until it
    is something to accomplish with Lady gaga!
    Your own stuffs nice. All the time maintain it up!

  18. Hmm it looks like your blog ate my first comment
    (it was super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I submitted and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I as well am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to the whole thing.
    Do you have any points for beginner blog writers?
    I’d definitely appreciate it.

  19. I am curious to find out what blog system you are utilizing?
    I’m having some small security issues with my latest website and I’d like to find something more secure.

    Do you have any suggestions?

  20. Simply want to say your article is as surprising.
    The clarity in your post is just cool and i can assume you are an expert on this subject.
    Well with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep up to date with
    forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the rewarding work.

  21. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the structure
    of your blog? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.

    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better.

    Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or 2 images.
    Maybe you could space it out better?

  22. Hello, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if
    you get a lot of spam remarks? If so how do you prevent
    it, any plugin or anything you can recommend? I get so
    much lately it’s driving me insane so any support is very much appreciated.

  23. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google,
    and found that it’s really informative. I’m going to watch out
    for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future.
    Lots of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  24. Have you ever thought about creating an ebook or guest authoring on other websites?
    I have a blog based upon on the same information you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information. I know my subscribers would enjoy your work.
    If you are even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e
    mail.

  25. Hello would you mind letting me know which hosting company
    you’re using? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different browsers and I must say this blog loads a
    lot faster then most. Can you suggest a good hosting provider at a fair price?
    Thanks a lot, I appreciate it!

  26. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is tasteful, your authored subject matter stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get got an impatience over that you wish be delivering
    the following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again as
    exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this hike.

  27. I do not even understand how I ended up here, but
    I assumed this put up was once good. I don’t realize who
    you’re but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger should you aren’t already.
    Cheers!

  28. I’m extremely inspired together with your writing
    skills as well as with the structure for your weblog.
    Is that this a paid subject or did you modify it your self?
    Either way stay up the nice quality writing, it is uncommon to look a nice blog like this one nowadays..

  29. My spouse and I stumbled over here by a different web address and thought I may as well check things out.
    I like what I see so i am just following you.
    Look forward to going over your web page for a second time.

  30. Hmm it seems like your website ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so
    I guess I’ll just sum it up what I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to the whole thing.
    Do you have any points for rookie blog writers?
    I’d genuinely appreciate it.

  31. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who has been doing a little homework on this.
    And he in fact bought me breakfast because I stumbled upon it
    for him… lol. So allow me to reword this….
    Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending the time to discuss this subject
    here on your blog.

  32. We absolutely love your blog and find nearly all of your post’s to be just what I’m looking
    for. Would you offer guest writers to write content for you personally?
    I wouldn’t mind producing a post or elaborating on many
    of the subjects you write with regards to here. Again, awesome site!

  33. Thank you a lot for sharing this with all people you actually
    understand what you’re talking about! Bookmarked. Please also visit my web site =).

    We will have a hyperlink change arrangement among us

  34. I absolutely love your blog and find a lot of your post’s to be just what I’m looking for.
    can you offer guest writers to write content for you?
    I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on many of the subjects you write related to here.
    Again, awesome blog!

  35. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your site. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable
    for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a developer to create
    your theme? Excellent work!

  36. I do not know if it’s just me or if perhaps everybody else
    encountering issues with your site. It appears like some of the written text in your content are running off the screen. Can somebody else please comment and let me know if this is happening to them as well?
    This could be a problem with my web browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Thanks

  37. Hi! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quick
    shout out and say I really enjoy reading your articles.

    Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same subjects?

    Thanks a lot!

  38. Have you ever considered about including a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is important and everything. However think about if you added some great photos or videos to give your
    posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with
    pics and clips, this blog could certainly be one of the greatest in its niche.
    Excellent blog!

  39. Good day! Would you mind if I share your
    blog with my twitter group? There’s a lot of folks that I think would really enjoy your content.
    Please let me know. Cheers

  40. What’s Taking place i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve discovered It positively useful and it
    has aided me out loads. I’m hoping to give a contribution & help different customers like its
    helped me. Great job.

  41. Do you have a spam issue on this website; I also am a blogger,
    and I was wondering your situation; we have created some nice methods
    and we are looking to swap strategies with others, why not shoot me an email if interested.

  42. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you make this website yourself
    or did you hire someone to do it for you?
    Plz reply as I’m looking to create my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from.

    kudos

  43. I have been surfing online more than 2 hours today, yet
    I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful
    than ever before.

  44. This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your fantastic post.
    Also, I have shared your site in my social networks!

  45. Nice blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?

    A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really
    make my blog shine. Please let me know where you got your design. Bless you

  46. Does your site have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating
    it but, I’d like to send you an e-mail. I’ve got some creative ideas for your
    blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great
    website and I look forward to seeing it grow over time.

  47. That is very fascinating, You are an excessively skilled blogger.

    I have joined your feed and look forward to searching for more of your great
    post. Also, I’ve shared your website in my social networks

  48. Thanks for your personal marvelous posting! I certainly enjoyed reading it, you happen to
    be a great author.I will always bookmark your blog and definitely will come back from now on. I want to encourage
    yourself to continue your great job, have a nice day!

  49. Today, I went to the beach front with my kids. I found a
    sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the shell to her ear and screamed.

    There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.

    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is completely off topic
    but I had to tell someone!

  50. Admiring the time and effort you put into your blog and in depth information you offer.

    It’s great to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the
    same outdated rehashed information. Fantastic read!
    I’ve saved your site and I’m including your RSS
    feeds to my Google account.

  51. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon everyday.
    It’s always helpful to read through articles from other authors and
    use a little something from other web sites.

  52. I absolutely love your blog and find many of your
    post’s to be just what I’m looking for. Does one offer guest writers to write content for you personally?

    I wouldn’t mind writing a post or elaborating on a lot of the subjects you write with regards to here.
    Again, awesome weblog!

  53. Hi there! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I truly
    enjoy reading through your blog posts. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that go over
    the same topics? Thanks for your time!

  54. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but
    I find this topic to be actually something that I think I
    would never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely
    broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  55. Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason appeared to be on the
    web the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they just don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out
    the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a signal.
    Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  56. This is very attention-grabbing, You’re an excessively professional blogger.
    I have joined your rss feed and sit up for searching for more of your wonderful post.
    Additionally, I’ve shared your website in my social networks

  57. I think this is among the most vital info for me. And i’m glad reading your article.

    But wanna remark on some general things, The site style is wonderful, the articles is really great : D.

    Good job, cheers

  58. Just want to say your article is as astonishing.
    The clearness in your post is simply excellent and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject.
    Fine with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep updated with
    forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please keep up the rewarding
    work.

  59. An interesting discussion is definitely worth comment.
    I do believe that you need to publish more on this topic, it might not be a taboo subject but typically people don’t discuss such topics.
    To the next! Kind regards!!

  60. Simply wish to say your article is as astonishing.
    The clearness in your post is just excellent and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject.
    Fine with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post.
    Thanks a million and please keep up the rewarding work.

  61. Hello there, You have done a great job. I’ll certainly digg it
    and personally suggest to my friends. I’m sure they’ll be benefited from this site.

  62. I got this web page from my friend who shared with me about this site and now this time I am visiting this website and reading very
    informative posts at this time.

  63. Hello would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re working with?
    I’m looking to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having
    a hard time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different
    then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.

    P.S Sorry for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  64. Wow, amazing weblog layout! How long have you ever been running a blog for?
    you made running a blog glance easy. The overall glance of your site is excellent,
    as neatly as the content material!

  65. I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
    Thanks for great information I was looking for this information for my mission.

  66. I was curious if you ever considered changing the structure of your blog?

    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect
    with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or 2 images.
    Maybe you could space it out better?

  67. What’s Going down i am new to this, I stumbled
    upon this I have discovered It positively helpful and it has aided me out loads.
    I hope to give a contribution & assist other users
    like its helped me. Great job.

  68. I am curious to find out what blog platform you
    happen to be working with? I’m having some minor security issues with
    my latest blog and I would like to find something
    more secure. Do you have any solutions?

  69. Today, I went to the beachfront with my kids. I found a
    sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter
    and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the shell to her ear and
    screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.
    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is completely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  70. Attractive portion of content. I simply stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to say that I acquire in fact enjoyed
    account your weblog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing for your augment and even I fulfillment you get admission to persistently rapidly.

  71. I do not even know the way I ended up right here, however I believed
    this submit was once good. I don’t realize who you are however certainly you are going to a well-known blogger if you aren’t already.

    Cheers!

  72. Greetings! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a
    quick shout out and tell you I really enjoy reading your articles.
    Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with the same subjects?
    Appreciate it!

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

*