“Hubo violencia de palabra, obra y omisión”: sacerdote Alberto Franco

126
Padre Alberto Franco: “En la primera etapa del siglo pasado se decía que matar liberales no era pecado”.

El perdón de la Iglesia católica por sus acciones y omisiones en las violencias del país

Hernán Camacho

El próximo 3 de septiembre un grupo representativo de ciudadanos y religiosos católicos, estarán en un acto llamado: mil firmas por el perdón. Es una iniciativa de algunos sectores católicos que pedirán un perdón público a Dios y a las víctimas por las implicaciones de miembros de la Iglesia Católica en el conflicto armado y otras violencias en Colombia. Hablamos con el padre Alberto Franco, un sacerdote cuya trabajo pastoral ha estado muy ligado a la causas de los pobres y excluidos, así como también del lado de las víctimas.

–¿En qué consiste la iniciativa del perdón desde algunos sectores de la Iglesia Católica?

–Vamos a pedir, grupos específicos, perdón. Perdón a los indígenas por acción u omisión de miembros de la iglesia católica por el genocidio de esa comunidades a nombre de Dios; vamos a pedirle perdón a Dios y al liberalismo, porque en la primera etapa del siglo pasado se decía que matar liberales no es pecado, como tampoco era pecado estimular la creación de grupos de justicia privada; perdón por el asesinato al movimiento gaitanista alentado en las ideas de fe. Vamos a pedirles perdón a Dios y los comunistas debido a la excomunión del Partido y la persecución de sus miembros. Vamos a pedir perdón por las acciones de omisión de los capellanes castrenses que fueron complacientes de torturas y métodos de doctrina militar contrainsurgente que le aplicaban a miembros de la oposición o quienes estaban en contraposición del régimen conservador tradicional en Colombia. También pedir perdón por los capellanes en los batallones donde se ejecutaron los falsos positivos y callaron ante esa práctica. Y vamos a pedir perdón por las acciones paramilitares que, ponemos un caso particular, el de los Doce Apóstoles que es significativo como el nombre de ese grupo paramilitar se da por las acciones de un sacerdote. El objetivo es ir al fondo sobre la eliminación del otro, del distinto, del que no es como yo.

Responsabilidades

–¿Cómo es lo de acción y omisión?

–Los liberales y los conservadores tienen responsabilidad en la violencia de la primera mitad del siglo y de buena parte de las causas del conflicto en el país. Pero la alianza entre la iglesia y el Partido Conservador, llevó a legitimar las acciones de los conservadores contra los liberales y contra los comunistas, y socialistas y todo lo que consideraban ideas reivindicadoras. Siempre hubo en la iglesia personas valientes o posiciones evangélicas de oposición a ese accionar.

–¿Cuántos casos de acción y omisión han identificado?

–Es una iniciativa argumentada, por ejemplo, del estudio: Casos de Implicación de Miembros de la Iglesia Católica en la Violencia en Colombia: insumos para La Comisión de la Verdad. Allí se documentan rigurosamente los casos de violencia de todas las formas. Encontramos declaraciones pontificias, declaraciones de la Conferencia Episcopal Colombiana que le apunta a legitimar el uso de la violencia para eliminar al contrario. En esas acciones se contradijo fundamentalmente el evangelio y el mensaje de Jesús de Nazaret.

–¿Esas acciones eran la continuidad de la guerra en otros aspectos de la sociedad?

–Hubo una violencia de palabra, obra y omisión, contra opositores políticos que buscaban un país más noble y equitativo. En el evangelio se dice que no solo las palabras son las que hacen que se entre al reino de los cielos sino la voluntad la que hace eso posible. La doctrina de Jesús, dice: cuando tuve hambre me diste de comer, cuando tuve sed me diste de beber, estaba desnudo y me vestiste. Entones yo me pregunto:¿Qué propuesta política es más excluyente, la de los sectores progresistas y democráticos o la que pretende seguir gobernando, legitimando la violencia, sin dar de vestir, la que no te da de comer o la que no te da de vestir? Las políticas del sistema inoperante excluyen, no alimentan y persiguen.

La contradicción

–¿Con esta iniciativa se profundiza la contradicción entre la iglesia de base y la jerarquía católica?

–Si esperamos a que ellos hagan nos quedamos sin hacer nada. Hemos hablado con algunos sectores de la jerarquía, pero otros siguen muy reacios a reconocer equivocaciones del pasado. En ese sentido sobresale el legado de los papas que han pedido perdón, incluyendo el legado del papa Francisco. Muchos de los que nos encontramos a las víctimas y nos cuentan las acciones de los miembros de la Iglesia, nos sentimos apenados por esas situaciones. Pero nosotros como sacerdotes decimos al pueblo colombiano: perdónennos.

–¿Cómo han recibido las víctimas del conflicto la iniciativa de perdón?

–En las víctimas hay mucho dolor por la oficialidad de la iglesia y hay distintas miradas. Hay víctimas de la Iglesia como institución, hay otras víctimas, los que nos dicen que no somos nosotros los que debemos pedir perdón porque hemos estado cerca a sus procesos y los hemos apoyado reclamando justicia. Pero les decimos: nosotros somos parte de esa iglesia. Y otras víctimas dicen que les cuesta trabajo perdonar a la iglesia pero todo eso es un proceso. Nosotros no hablamos en nombre de la jerarquía, pero sí aplicamos el evangelio de Jesús. Esta iniciativa no es de espaldas a la jerarquía que tienen claro el papel que jugó la iglesia en la violencia en Colombia.

El futuro

–Más allá del acto público de perdón ¿qué se pretende?

–Fundamentalmente decimos: primero, un comunicado para que las iglesias en cada parroquia pidan perdón; segundo: un acto público de la oficialidad de la iglesia pidiendo perdón; tercero: pedimos que se saquen los restos de Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada de la iglesia catedral de Colombia, por el papel que jugó en el exterminio de los indígenas, y por último, invitamos a que se sustraigan las capellanías castrenses.

–¿Y en acciones transformadoras qué esperan?

–Que se reflexione y no se repitan acciones violentas. La violencia en Colombia no ha sido únicamente de los que han disparado, hay responsabilidad de los teóricos del Estado, de los intelectuales, de los religiosos, de los medios de comunicación, de la academia, etc… Unos por hacer y otros por legitimar. Debemos borrar de la sociedad eso de creer que está bien matar comunistas, matar liberales o permitir los falsos positivos. El “bien supremo” de matar no se puede mantener. La reconciliación no puede ser sobre la evasión de responsabilidades. Un paso a la reconciliación es el perdón contextualizado para que eso no se repita. Por eso ganó el no en el plebiscito, por no contextualizar, dejar que mentiras como el “castrochavismo” o la ideología de género se iba a tomar el país. Los que votaron no, también son víctimas.

–Su principal mensaje de perdón es:

–Que negar derechos en nombre de Dios es una contradicción del mensaje de Jesús y el mandamiento del amor. Eso hacen muchos dirigentes en Colombia. No se puede justificar la violencia, es la reconciliación pero todo con una mirada histórica.

@camachohernan 

126 Comentarios

  1. I’m really impressed along with your writing skills and also with the structure
    on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself?
    Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it
    is uncommon to see a nice blog like this one nowadays..

  2. Hi there would you mind letting me know which web host you’re working with?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different internet browsers and I must say
    this blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you suggest a good
    hosting provider at a reasonable price? Thanks a lot,
    I appreciate it!

  3. Wonderful goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too
    magnificent. I actually like what you have acquired
    here, certainly like what you’re saying and the way in which
    you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it wise.
    I can not wait to read much more from you.
    This is actually a tremendous site.

  4. I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or blog posts
    in this kind of space . Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this site.
    Studying this information So i’m satisfied to express that I’ve a very good uncanny
    feeling I discovered exactly what I needed.
    I such a lot for sure will make certain to don?t omit this
    website and give it a look on a relentless basis.

  5. I’ve been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or weblog posts on this kind of house .

    Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this web site.

    Reading this info So i’m happy to show that I’ve an incredibly excellent uncanny feeling I discovered just what
    I needed. I so much without a doubt will make sure to don?t omit this site and provides it a glance on a continuing basis.

  6. Great beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your web site, how can i subscribe
    for a blog web site? The account aided me a acceptable deal.

    I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  7. Hello there! This post couldn’t be written any better!
    Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room
    mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this page to him.
    Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

  8. Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up.

    The words in your article seem to be running off the screen in Safari.
    I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let you know.
    The layout look great though! Hope you get
    the issue fixed soon. Kudos

  9. Hi there! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO?
    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not
    seeing very good success. If you know of any please share.
    Thank you!

  10. Does your website have a contact page? I’m having problems locating it but,
    I’d like to send you an email. I’ve got some recommendations for
    your blog you might be interested in hearing.
    Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it grow over time.

  11. I do believe all of the concepts you’ve presented to your post.
    They’re really convincing and can certainly work. Still,
    the posts are too quick for starters. Could you please prolong them a bit from subsequent time?
    Thanks for the post.

  12. I’m really loving the theme/design of your site. Do you ever run into any browser compatibility issues?
    A handful of my blog audience have complained about my site not working correctly in Explorer but looks great
    in Safari. Do you have any advice to help fix this issue?

  13. Does your blog have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it
    but, I’d like to send you an email. I’ve got some ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
    Either way, great blog and I look forward to seeing it expand
    over time.

  14. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find
    this matter to be really something that I think I would never
    understand. It seems too complicated and very broad for me.

    I am looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  15. Hi! This is kind of off topic but I need some
    guidance from an established blog. Is it difficult to set up your own blog?
    I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast.
    I’m thinking about creating my own but I’m not sure
    where to start. Do you have any ideas or suggestions?
    Appreciate it

  16. Hmm it looks like your blog ate my first comment (it was super long)
    so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I wrote and say,
    I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog
    writer but I’m still new to the whole thing. Do you
    have any points for first-time blog writers? I’d really appreciate it.

  17. I don’t know if it’s just me or if perhaps everybody else experiencing issues with your blog.
    It appears like some of the written text within your posts are running off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedback and let
    me know if this is happening to them too?

    This may be a issue with my browser because I’ve had this happen before.

    Cheers

  18. Hi, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and
    i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam comments? If so how do you reduce it,
    any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it’s driving me crazy so any assistance is very much appreciated.

  19. Superb blog you have here but I was wondering if you knew of any message boards that cover the same topics discussed here?
    I’d really love to be a part of community where I can get feedback from
    other knowledgeable individuals that share the same interest.
    If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Thanks!

  20. I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills
    as well as with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or
    did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing,
    it is rare to see a great blog like this one these days.

  21. Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is really
    informative. I am going to watch out for brussels. I will be grateful if
    you continue this in future. A lot of people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  22. Hi there! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a group of volunteers
    and starting a new project in a community in the same niche.

    Your blog provided us beneficial information to work on. You
    have done a outstanding job!

  23. Wonderful beat ! I would like to apprentice whilst you amend your website, how can i subscribe for a weblog
    web site? The account helped me a acceptable deal.
    I were tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided
    vibrant transparent concept

  24. I was wondering if you ever considered changing the page layout of your website?
    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe
    you could a little more in the way of content
    so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or 2 images.
    Maybe you could space it out better?

  25. Greetings! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could find a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and
    I’m having trouble finding one? Thanks a lot!

  26. I’m really enjoying the theme/design of your web site.

    Do you ever run into any web browser compatibility problems?
    A number of my blog visitors have complained about my website not
    operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox.
    Do you have any tips to help fix this problem?

  27. Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your article seem to be running off the screen in Firefox.
    I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to
    do with internet browser compatibility but I thought I’d
    post to let you know. The design and style look great
    though! Hope you get the issue solved soon. Cheers

  28. Thank you for another magnificent post. The
    place else may just anyone get that kind of information in such an ideal way of writing?
    I have a presentation next week, and I’m at the search
    for such info.

  29. It’s the best time to make a few plans for the longer term and it is time
    to be happy. I have read this put up and if I may
    I wish to suggest you few fascinating issues or tips.
    Perhaps you could write subsequent articles relating to this article.
    I desire to read more issues approximately it!

  30. This design is spectacular! You definitely know how to keep
    a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start
    my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Great job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it.
    Too cool!

  31. My partner and I stumbled over here coming from a different web address and thought
    I might as well check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you.
    Look forward to going over your web page repeatedly.

  32. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Thank you, However I am experiencing troubles with your RSS.
    I don’t understand the reason why I can’t join it. Is there anyone else getting similar
    RSS problems? Anyone that knows the answer can you kindly respond?
    Thanx!!

  33. Wonderful work! That is the kind of info that are supposed
    to be shared around the net. Shame on Google for no
    longer positioning this publish higher! Come on over and discuss with my
    web site . Thank you =)

  34. Greate article. Keep posting such kind of information on your
    page. Im really impressed by it.
    Hi there, You’ve performed an excellent job. I will definitely digg
    it and in my opinion suggest to my friends. I’m confident they’ll be benefited from this website.

  35. Hmm is anyone else experiencing problems with the pictures on this blog loading?

    I’m trying to find out if its a problem on my end or
    if it’s the blog. Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.

  36. Just wish to say your article is as astonishing.
    The clarity in your post is just excellent
    and i could assume you’re an expert on this subject.
    Well with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep updated with forthcoming post.

    Thanks a million and please continue the enjoyable work.

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

*