Hidroituango: Despojo a comunidades

206
Poblado arrasado por el río Cauca.

La visión jurídica y humanitaria de la tragedia desde las comunidades víctimas

Luis Carlos Montenegro

Comunidades afectadas por el megaproyecto energético ‘Hidroituango’, que se han organizado en diferentes asociaciones que conforman el Movimiento Ríos Vivos Antioquia -MRVA-, que en total son quince, han ejercido la exigibilidad de sus derechos a través de diferentes acciones políticas y jurídicas en el marco de la legalidad y siempre con una postura ética, pacífica y de dignidad. Las movilizaciones, jornadas culturales y artísticas, mingas, conversatorios, recorridos, caravanas, misiones y denuncias que se vienen realizando desde el 2010 dan muestra de un espíritu colectivo que tiene una infinita fuerza para reclamarle a los responsables sobre los daños irreparables que se están ocasionando a todas las formas de vida en los territorios afectados por esa hidroeléctrica, que hoy por lo menos se identifican como las subregiones del Occidente, Norte y Bajo Cauca antioqueño, mas municipios de Sucre, Córdoba y Bolívar, es decir, que en total serían aproximadamente unos treinta los municipios impactados aguas abajo y aguas arriba del muro de la presa.

Garantías y derechos

Frente a la búsqueda de justicia mediante acciones jurídicas, se han presentado al menos seis acciones de tutela ante los jueces de Antioquia, quienes siempre han denegado los derechos, aduciendo falta de pruebas o falta del tecnicismo en el que son rigurosos y exigentes con las comunidades, generando una clara exclusión y violación del derecho al acceso a la justicia en condiciones equitativas y de igualdad, así como configurando un racismo estructural del que han sido víctimas las comunidades afectadas por parte de determinados sectores estatales, políticos y económicos de Antioquia.

A pesar de ello, el MRVA continúa activando todas las rutas jurídicas pertinentes para denunciar y hacerle seguimiento y veeduría desde la sociedad civil al licenciamiento ambiental LAM2233 de este megaproyecto. Por ejemplo, el 29 de marzo del 2017 se presenta una acción de nulidad simple contra la licencia ambiental que fue otorgada en el 2009 por el Ministerio de Ambiente, Vivienda y Desarrollo Territorial, que se inadmitió por un asunto de forma ocho meses después y sólo fue admitida finalmente hasta el 14 de marzo del 2018.

Frente a esta demanda que es conocida por el Consejo de Estado, se ha denunciado por parte del MRVA y del Colectivo de Abogados ‘José Alvear Restrepo’ -Cajar- que se tomó injustificadamente tiempo valioso para pronunciarse sobre la medida cautelar que debía resolverse de manera urgente y oportuna, lo que vulneró los principios de protección y garantías de derechos de manera eficiente, debido proceso, igualdad de las partes, imparcialidad, participación, eficacia y economía. Si la medida cautelar de suspensión se hubiese fallado dentro del término legal que correspondía, se habría podido prevenir la emergencia nacional que hoy se vive en el Cañón del Río Cauca.

El MRVA además ha puesto en conocimiento de los distintos entes de control como Contraloría General de la República, la Procuraduría General de la Nación, la Fiscalía General de la Nación y la Defensoría del Pueblo, en el marco de sus competencias, los distintos hechos y denuncias que se han identificado en todo el proceso de licenciamiento ambiental, tanto antes de su expedición, como en la ejecución. Así pues, se adelantan investigaciones del orden fiscal, penal, ambiental, disciplinario, de veeduría y seguimiento y demás que les corresponden a estas entidades, sus delegadas y correspondientes oficinas seccionales en Antioquia.

El MRVA ha anunciado que presentará una nueva solicitud de medida cautelar ante la decisión que expidió el pasado 31 de mayo del 2018 el Consejo de Estado, en la que negó la solicitud de suspensión provisional de la licencia ambiental. También se deja claridad sobre que el alegato de fondo de la legalidad de la licencia ambiental apenas comienza y que seguramente se presentará un intenso debate jurídico administrativo en el ámbito argumentativo y probatorio, pues son bastantes las irregularidades que se han encontrado en este licenciamiento y por lo tanto la tarea del magistrado ponente y de esta corporación será exigente, si es que existe un compromiso por respetar el derecho de las comunidades del Cañón del Río Cauca, afectadas y víctimas de Hidroituango.

Las comunidades en riesgo permanente

Las comunidades víctimas de Hidroituango tuvieron que ir hasta el Parlamento Europeo para que sus voces y denuncias fueran escuchadas, porque en los entes departamentales y nacionales, se ha acallado su voz, desconocido y estigmatizado por medio de discursos que niegan la oposición al desarrollo. El Estado colombiano ha reaccionado tarde a las alertas que se vienen emitiendo desde el 2010 por parte del Movimiento, quien también ha acudido a diferentes audiencias ante la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos y quienes están siendo realmente perjudicadas incalculablemente son las personas, familias y comunidades humildes que estaban mucho mejor antes de este desastroso megaproyecto.

Las empresas promotoras, accionistas y dueñas del megaproyecto son las responsables de la situación de permanente incertidumbre en la que se encuentran las comunidades desde el pasado 29 de abril, cuando inició esta tormentosa tragedia, producto de las deficiencias estructurales que hay en el estudio de impacto ambiental de la hidroeléctrica y por decisiones irresponsables de la máxima autoridad ambiental como la de no exigirle un diagnóstico ambiental de alternativas a un megaproyecto de estas magnitudes.

Responsabilidad de Estado

El Estado también es responsable y cómplice de la vulneración de los derechos de acceso a la información de manera transparente y en forma oportuna, a la participación efectiva en escenarios de toma de decisión y a la justicia ambiental en la forma como se ve y piensa el desarrollo para unos territorios desde oficinas en Medellín y Bogotá sin tener en cuenta las perspectivas de la gente que hoy está en una situación de riesgo inminente y que no se encuentran seguras por más declaratorias de emergencia, calamidad y urgencia se den por parte de las autoridades departamentales y nacionales, a quienes el tema ya se les ha salido de control, así como a las mismas Empresas Públicas de Medellín -EPM-.

Ha sido una voz insistente la de las comunidades que exigen estar en el PMU para contribuir de manera efectiva y oportuna ante el inminente escenario de mayor riesgo, las comunidades tienen el derecho a estar enteradas igual que las autoridades en tiempo real y oportuno sobre estas situaciones, pues tienen mejores formas de comunicación con su gente y conocen muchísimo mejor el territorio, pues son sus lugares de habitación, vivienda y trabajo por décadas.

Se hace énfasis en que la propuesta desde el MRVA es que se realice desde ya un plan de desmantelamiento controlado de la hidroeléctrica, toda vez que ya no es viable su funcionamiento por distintas razones del orden técnico, ambiental, jurídico, ecológico, político, económico y social que confirman que este megaproyecto jamás debió ocurrir.

206 Comentarios

  1. When I initially left a comment I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments
    are added- checkbox and now every time a comment is added I get 4 emails with
    the exact same comment. Perhaps there is an easy method you can remove me from that
    service? Thanks a lot!

  2. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is attractive, your authored material stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get bought an shakiness over that you wish be delivering the following.

    unwell unquestionably come further formerly again since
    exactly the same nearly very often inside case
    you shield this increase.

  3. You’re so interesting! I don’t suppose I’ve read something like that before.
    So nice to discover another person with some genuine thoughts on this topic.
    Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This website is something that is
    required on the web, someone with some originality!

  4. The other day, while I was at work, my sister stole my iphone and tested to see if it can survive a thirty foot drop,
    just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple
    ipad is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is
    completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  5. Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google,
    and found that it’s truly informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels.
    I will be grateful if you continue this in future.
    Numerous people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  6. Howdy would you mind stating which blog platform you’re working
    with? I’m looking to start my own blog soon but I’m having a difficult time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs
    and I’m looking for something completely unique.
    P.S Sorry for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  7. I’ve been exploring for a little for any high quality articles
    or weblog posts in this sort of house . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled
    upon this web site. Studying this information So i’m satisfied to show that I’ve a very just right uncanny feeling I discovered
    exactly what I needed. I so much surely will make certain to
    don?t omit this site and give it a look regularly.

  8. Hiya very nice site!! Man .. Beautiful .. Wonderful ..
    I’ll bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally?
    I am happy to search out so many helpful info right here within the
    post, we want develop more strategies on this regard,
    thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  9. Hi! This post couldn’t be written any better!
    Reading through this post reminds me of my old room mate!
    He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this post to him.
    Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  10. What’s Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve
    discovered It positively helpful and it has helped me out loads.
    I hope to give a contribution & help other customers like its aided me.
    Good job.

  11. A person necessarily lend a hand to make critically
    posts I might state. This is the very first time I frequented your website page and to this point?
    I surprised with the analysis you made to create this actual submit amazing.

    Magnificent activity!

  12. Hello there, I found your website by way of Google even as looking
    for a similar topic, your web site came up, it appears great.

    I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hi there, simply was alert to your blog via Google, and located that it is truly informative.
    I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll appreciate
    if you continue this in future. Numerous other people can be benefited out of your writing.
    Cheers!

  13. Nice blog here! Also your website loads up very fast!
    What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your
    host? I wish my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  14. Howdy! This article could not be written much better!

    Going through this post reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He always kept preaching about this. I’ll forward this
    article to him. Fairly certain he will have a very good read.
    Thanks for sharing!

  15. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a friend who had been doing a little homework
    on this. And he in fact ordered me lunch because I discovered it for
    him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanks for spending some time to discuss this issue here on your site.

  16. Have you ever considered publishing an e-book or
    guest authoring on other sites? I have a blog based upon on the same subjects you discuss and would really
    like to have you share some stories/information. I know my readers would
    enjoy your work. If you are even remotely interested, feel free to send
    me an email.

  17. Unquestionably consider that that you stated. Your favourite justification seemed to be on the
    net the simplest thing to be mindful of. I say to you,
    I definitely get annoyed even as folks consider worries that they plainly
    do not know about. You controlled to hit the nail upon the highest and also outlined out the entire thing without
    having side effect , folks can take a signal. Will likely be again to get more.
    Thank you

  18. I was excited to uncover this great site. I wanted to thank you for your time just for this wonderful read!!
    I definitely appreciated every part of it and i also have
    you book marked to check out new information in your
    website.

  19. I do not even know how I stopped up right here, however I believed
    this post was once great. I do not know who you might
    be but definitely you are going to a well-known blogger when you are not already.
    Cheers!

  20. I truly like what you have here worrying blogs. I liked the brief quips
    on examples of a bad blog site. I have more difficulty doing that than anything I do when I
    blog.

  21. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.
    I will make sure to bookmark it and come back to read
    more of your useful information. Thanks for the post.
    I will certainly comeback.

  22. Hi there are using WordPress for your blog platform? I’m new
    to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and set up
    my own. Do you require any html coding knowledge to make
    your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  23. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this site.
    I am hoping to view the same high-grade content by you in the future as well.

    In fact, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my
    very own site now 😉

  24. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is truly
    informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels.
    I will appreciate if you continue this in future.
    Many people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  25. I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme.
    Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?
    Plz answer back as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like to find out
    where u got this from. appreciate it

  26. I am really loving the theme/design of your website. Do
    you ever run into any browser compatibility problems?
    A number of my blog readers have complained about my site not working correctly
    in Explorer but looks great in Safari. Do you have any advice to help fix this problem?

  27. I’m impressed, I have to admit. Rarely do I come across a blog that’s both educative and amusing,
    and without a doubt, you have hit the nail on the head. The issue is
    something not enough men and women are speaking intelligently about.

    I’m very happy that I came across this in my hunt for something regarding this.

  28. Have you ever considered publishing an ebook or guest authoring on other sites?
    I have a blog based on the same subjects you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information. I
    know my visitors would enjoy your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to send
    me an e mail.

  29. Hi there, I discovered your web site by means of Google whilst looking for a
    similar topic, your web site came up, it seems good.
    I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, just become alert to your weblog through Google, and
    located that it is truly informative. I am gonna be careful for brussels.

    I’ll be grateful for those who proceed this in future.
    A lot of other folks will likely be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  30. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that
    it’s really informative. I’m going to watch out for
    brussels. I will be grateful if you continue this in future.
    Many people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  31. Have you ever considered about including a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is important and everything.

    Nevertheless think about if you added some great images or
    video clips to give your posts more, “pop”!
    Your content is excellent but with images and videos,
    this website could definitely be one of the best in its
    niche. Terrific blog!

  32. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my
    newest twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for
    quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this.

    Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  33. Do you have a spam issue on this site; I also am
    a blogger, and I was wanting to know your situation; many of us have created some nice
    procedures and we are looking to exchange techniques
    with other folks, please shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  34. I am extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the
    layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify
    it yourself? Either way keep up the excellent quality writing,
    it is rare to see a great blog like this one nowadays.

  35. This design is wicked! You definitely know how
    to keep a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos,
    I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!)
    Excellent job. I really enjoyed what you had to say,
    and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  36. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what all is needed to get set up?
    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100% positive.
    Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated. Many
    thanks

  37. Howdy would you mind stating which blog platform you’re working with?
    I’m planning to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a tough time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.

    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different
    then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.
    P.S My apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  38. Attractive section of content. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to say that I
    get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I will
    be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you get admission to
    consistently quickly.

  39. Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your
    site, how could i subscribe for a blog website? The account aided me a acceptable deal.

    I were tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered shiny clear idea

  40. Admiring the persistence you put into your blog and in depth information you offer.
    It’s awesome to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same unwanted rehashed information. Excellent read!
    I’ve saved your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google
    account.

  41. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my
    newest twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite
    some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this.

    Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your
    new updates.

  42. Magnificent beat ! I would like to apprentice at
    the same time as you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog web site?
    The account helped me a acceptable deal. I have been a little
    bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided vibrant transparent concept

  43. This design is steller! You obviously know how to keep a reader entertained.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well,
    almost…HaHa!) Wonderful job. I really loved what you had to say, and more
    than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  44. I absolutely love your blog and find nearly all of your post’s to be exactly what I’m looking for.

    Does one offer guest writers to write content for you?

    I wouldn’t mind producing a post or elaborating on a number of the subjects you write
    related to here. Again, awesome web log!

  45. A person essentially help to make severely articles I might state.
    That is the first time I frequented your web page and up to now?

    I surprised with the research you made to make this actual
    submit amazing. Magnificent task!

  46. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this blog. It’s simple, yet effective.
    A lot of times it’s very hard to get that “perfect balance” between superb usability and visual appearance.
    I must say that you’ve done a amazing job
    with this. Additionally, the blog loads extremely quick for me on Safari.
    Excellent Blog! Is it OK to post on Twitter? Keep up the terrific work!

  47. An intriguing discussion is worth comment. I do believe that you
    need to publish more on this subject matter, it may not be
    a taboo subject but usually folks don’t discuss these topics.
    To the next! Kind regards!!

  48. Hello! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us so I came to look it over.

    I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
    Excellent blog and amazing design.

  49. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it
    seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You clearly know what youre talking about, why throw away
    your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

*