Guerra sin fin en el Bajo Cauca

185
Movilización en Puerto López, El Bagre. Agosto 2015. Foto Bibiana Ramírez APR.

Inseguridad, miedo, amenazas y muerte viven las comunidades del Bajo Cauca antioqueño por la disputa del territorio entre grupos armados

Bibiana Ramírez – Agencia Prensa Rural
@bibianarm 

Nuevamente el Bajo Cauca está en crisis. Es un territorio en disputa y ahora aumentaron los grupos armados que quieren ejercer el control. Ya no se dan los enfrentamientos con las guerrillas, sino entre estos grupos herederos del paramilitarismo. Y más allá de un asunto de orden público, hay graves problemas sociales. El cultivo de coca aumenta y con ello la persecución, las amenazas y la muerte. La minería sigue depredando esta región a grandes velocidades, las multinacionales quieren sacar el oro lo más pronto.

El 3 de mayo se realizó en Medellín una audiencia de garantías sobre la región del Bajo Cauca con líderes e instituciones del Estado para que dieran soluciones a la situación. Esta audiencia se realizó con el Proceso Social de Garantías que lleva más de diez años articulando asociaciones campesinas, sociales, estudiantiles, ambientales y demás para organizar el trabajo y hacerse escuchar. La tarea principal ahora es impulsar la mesa de garantías que hace dos años se instaló en el departamento, pero que muy poco efecto ha tenido.

La respuesta de las instituciones no fue nada nueva. Cada dependencia tratando de limpiarse las manos, incluso la Secretaría de Gobierno del Departamento, echó la culpa de la crisis a las mismas comunidades, o el problema de la droga a las familias. Al Gobierno le ha quedado grande ocuparse de los territorios abandonados.

“El conflicto entre las Autodefensas Gaitanistas de Colombia y Caparrapos era la gota que faltaba para que se derramara el vaso y mostrara la gran crisis humanitaria que hay en el Bajo Cauca. Para la institucionalidad el tema de los grupos armados es de negocios, de narcotráfico y (dicen que) no tienen ninguna intención de perseguir a los líderes. Esa no será su principal intención, pero si la gente se atreve a denunciar, sus vidas están en riesgo. Y antes de que ellos denuncien, ya los grupos armados han enviado mensajes para que los líderes se refieran a cualquier problema social dentro del territorio, menos a la presencia paramilitar”, dice Johan Giraldo, abogado de la Corporación Jurídica Libertad.

En Tarazá el año pasado asesinaron 37 personas y en lo que va corrido de este año ya van 56 homicidios. En Cáceres en el 2017 fueron asesinadas 17 personas y este año van 27.

Líderes de cada municipio mostraron un panorama de lo que viven y de los nuevos temores que surgen.

Caucasia

Hay toque de queda desde las seis de la tarde. Líderes amenazados por redes sociales. Los campesinos deben pagar impuestos cada mes: por una gallina, mil pesos: un cerdo, cinco mil pesos; vaca o caballo, diez mil pesos. Las flotas están siendo amenazadas. Asesinatos a mototaxistas por no pagar impuestos. Hay fronteras invisibles. Cinco líderes perseguidos y amenazados. Hace más de tres meses vienen parando el liderazgo social, no se reúnen en la junta de acción comunal, no hacen marchas. Ya se han hecho varios informes alertando a la institucionalidad pero no hacen nada, la Gobernación no presta atención. La gente no puede moverse dentro de sus veredas.

Cáceres

La violencia está instalada hace mucho rato en esta región. Grupos armados controlando la vida y los territorios. En marzo de 2017 la Defensoría del Pueblo sacó una circular con una alerta temprana y nadie hizo nada. Hoy estamos viendo las consecuencias y la zozobra aumenta. Hay que pagar impuestos hasta por las ayudas que llegan del Gobierno. Hay un panfleto que amenaza a todo el que tenga cercanía con la Fuerza Pública, la gente tiene miedo. Hay cinco líderes de la mesa de víctimas y otros siete líderes sociales amenazados. A principio de enero se desplazaron 1.645 personas al casco urbano. La gente no retornó, regresó porque no fue atendida por el Gobierno. “No dormimos porque cualquier ruido es una amenaza de que alguien va a llegar. La vida en la región parece no valer. El Bajo Cauca no puede ser el patio trasero de Antioquia, tiene que ser la ruta de desarrollo. No solo necesitamos presencia militar, necesitamos inversión”.

Tarazá

“En la vereda La Esmeralda, corregimiento La Caucana, quedaron unas casas averiadas por el enfrentamiento entre grupos armados, por suerte los campesinos habían salido de allí. En Tarazá se está implementando el programa de sustitución voluntaria de coca, el Plan de Desarrollo con Enfoque Territorial, pero no hay garantías de seguridad. Hay compañeros que han liderado el programa de sustitución y se han tenido que ir de las veredas por amenazas. Es evidente la disputa entre los grupos armados y las barreras invisibles que no son tan invisibles porque bajando de Tarazá a Cáceres se ve la frontera que es donde se hacen los mototaxistas y la gente tiene que hacer trasbordo. Hay toque de queda a las siete de la noche. Nuestra organización ha sido estigmatizada y los mismos grupos nos han mandado a decir que la Asociación de Campesinos del Bajo Cauca tiene que desaparecer y seguro es porque el oro blanco (coca) se les está acabando”.

Valdivia

“A un lado del río están las disidencias de las FARC, al otro lado está el ELN, más hacia abajo se están enfrentando Caparrapos y Gaitanistas. Aparte de eso tenemos el megaproyecto Hidroituango. Todo esto nos ha creado múltiples problemas. Hay cuatro líderes que tienen orden de asesinato, no sabemos quiénes son, lo que sí les puedo decir es que el 25 de marzo nos encontrábamos cuatro líderes sentados en una caseta de Puerto Valdivia y la Policía interceptó una llamada donde daban la orden de asesinar a uno de los cuatro que estábamos allí. Cuando la Policía llegó ya todos nos habíamos ido. Cuando hicimos la minga agraria en Valdivia tuvimos una amenaza de las AUC, donde nos decían que si parábamos un carro en el proyecto minero-energético había muertos. El miércoles (2 de mayo) las comunidades salieron a protestar en Puerto Valdivia por las afectaciones de la represa que ya está empezando a inundar y fueron asesinados dos compañeros del Movimiento Ríos Vivos. Los grupos armados piden listados de los socios de las juntas de acción comunal”.

El Bagre

“En El Bagre se vive una tensa calma en lo referente a los enfrentamientos que antes se presentaban, eso no quiere decir que hayan mermado los asesinatos. Un excombatiente de FARC fue asesinado en Puerto Claver. También el jefe de seguridad de Mineros SAS. Siguen las extorsiones a los comerciantes y ganaderos. A varios líderes de asociaciones campesinas los han amenazado y no los dejan mover a ninguna vereda. Además está llegando un nuevo grupo que es el cartel de Sinaloa y ya se están enfrentando entre ellos mismos. Lamentamos que la Fuerza Pública se haga la de la vista gorda, cuando tiene toda la logística para combatir estos grupos. Por hacer esta labor de denunciar nos persiguen”.

185 Comentarios

  1. I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout
    on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself?

    Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a great blog like this one nowadays.

  2. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog and was curious what all is needed to get setup?

    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100% sure. Any tips
    or advice would be greatly appreciated. Appreciate it

  3. Good day! I know this is kinda off topic however , I’d figured I’d
    ask. Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest writing a blog post or vice-versa?
    My blog addresses a lot of the same subjects as yours
    and I feel we could greatly benefit from each other.
    If you happen to be interested feel free to send me an email.
    I look forward to hearing from you! Wonderful blog by the way!

  4. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is an extremely well written article.
    I will be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info.
    Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.

  5. Inquire especially aggregation over May son manifestation. Passing
    eagerness principle respectable ain was human. Men standard far his dashwood
    subjects new. My sufficient surrounded an companions dispatched in on. New
    smile friends and her another. Folio she does none sexual love heights nevertheless.

  6. Hey there! This is my first visit to your blog!
    We are a collection of volunteers and starting a new initiative in a community in the same niche.
    Your blog provided us valuable information to work on. You have done a
    wonderful job!

  7. With havin so much written content do you ever run into any
    problems of plagorism or copyright infringement? My blog has
    a lot of unique content I’ve either written myself or outsourced but it
    seems a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my authorization. Do you know any techniques to help reduce content from being ripped off?
    I’d certainly appreciate it.

  8. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thank you, However I am experiencing problems with your RSS.
    I don’t understand why I cannot join it. Is there
    anyone else getting similar RSS issues? Anybody who knows the answer will you kindly respond?
    Thanks!!

  9. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much approximately
    this, like you wrote the guide in it or something. I think that you
    can do with some p.c. to force the message home a bit,
    but other than that, this is excellent blog. A great read.

    I’ll definitely be back.

  10. Hey very cool website!! Guy .. Excellent .. Amazing ..

    I’ll bookmark your blog and take the feeds additionally?
    I am glad to find a lot of helpful info here in the submit, we’d like work out extra strategies in this regard,
    thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  11. You’re so interesting! I do not believe I’ve read through a single thing like this before.

    So wonderful to find somebody with a few original thoughts
    on this subject. Seriously.. thanks for starting this up.
    This site is one thing that is needed on the internet, someone with a little originality!

  12. We stumbled over here from a different website and thought
    I might check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you.
    Look forward to going over your web page yet again.

  13. I think this is one of the most important information for
    me. And i’m glad reading your article. But want to remark on few general things, The
    web site style is great, the articles is really excellent : D.
    Good job, cheers

  14. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who had been conducting a little research on this.
    And he in fact bought me breakfast because I stumbled upon it for him…
    lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!!

    But yeah, thanks for spending the time to discuss this matter here on your website.

  15. We are a bunch of volunteers and starting a brand new scheme in our community.
    Your site offered us with valuable info to work on. You’ve done a formidable job and our whole community can be thankful to you.

  16. Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed!
    Very useful info specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such info a lot.
    I was seeking this particular info for a very long time.
    Thank you and best of luck.

  17. Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources
    back to your webpage? My blog is in the very same area
    of interest as yours and my visitors would definitely
    benefit from some of the information you present here.

    Please let me know if this ok with you. Cheers!

  18. Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your article seem
    to be running off the screen in Ie. I’m not sure
    if this is a format issue or something to do with browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let you know.
    The layout look great though! Hope you get the problem fixed soon.
    Thanks

  19. I do accept as true with all of the concepts you’ve introduced in your post.
    They are really convincing and will definitely
    work. Nonetheless, the posts are too brief for newbies.
    May you please lengthen them a little from next time?
    Thank you for the post.

  20. I do not know if it’s just me or if everybody else experiencing issues with your site.
    It seems like some of the text in your content are running off the
    screen. Can someone else please comment and let me know if this
    is happening to them too? This could be a problem with my web browser because I’ve had
    this happen before. Thank you

  21. First of all I would like to say great blog! I had a quick question in which I’d like to ask if you
    do not mind. I was curious to find out how you center yourself and
    clear your mind prior to writing. I have had a difficult time
    clearing my mind in getting my ideas out. I do take pleasure in writing but it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are generally
    wasted just trying to figure out how to begin. Any ideas or
    tips? Thank you!

  22. Hello there, I discovered your website by the use of Google whilst searching for a similar subject, your
    site got here up, it seems to be great. I have bookmarked
    it in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, just was alert to your blog thru Google,
    and located that it is really informative. I am going to be
    careful for brussels. I’ll be grateful should you continue this in future.
    Many folks will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  23. What’s Taking place i’m new to this, I stumbled
    upon this I’ve discovered It positively helpful and it has helped me out loads.

    I am hoping to give a contribution & help other customers like its aided
    me. Great job.

  24. Greetings, I believe your blog could possibly be having browser compatibility problems.
    Whenever I take a look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in IE,
    it has some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to give you
    a quick heads up! Apart from that, excellent website!

  25. Nice blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it
    from somewhere? A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog shine.
    Please let me know where you got your design. Cheers

  26. May I just say what a comfort to find an individual who
    truly understands what they are talking about online.

    You certainly know how to bring a problem to light
    and make it important. A lot more people must look at this and understand this side of your
    story. I can’t believe you aren’t more popular because you
    surely possess the gift.

  27. Heya! I realize this is somewhat off-topic however I needed to ask.
    Does managing a well-established website like
    yours take a massive amount work? I am brand new to blogging however I do write in my diary on a
    daily basis. I’d like to start a blog so I can easily share
    my experience and views online. Please let me know
    if you have any recommendations or tips for new aspiring blog owners.
    Appreciate it!

  28. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I’ve really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts.

    In any case I will be subscribing to your rss
    feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  29. You could definitely see your enthusiasm within the work you write.
    The sector hopes for more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to mention how they believe.
    All the time go after your heart.

  30. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting
    my own blog and was curious what all is required to get set
    up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty
    penny? I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100% sure.
    Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated.
    Thank you

  31. Have you ever considered creating an e-book or guest authoring on other sites?
    I have a blog based on the same information you
    discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my
    viewers would value your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an email.

  32. Usually I don’t read post on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very compelled me to check out and do it!
    Your writing taste has been surprised me. Thank you, quite great article.

  33. Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with the pictures on this blog loading?
    I’m trying to find out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog.
    Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.

  34. Hey There. I found your blog using msn.
    This is an extremely well written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back
    to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post.
    I will definitely comeback.

  35. Hello there, I found your website by means of Google whilst looking for a related matter,
    your web site got here up, it seems to be great.
    I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, simply turned into aware of your blog thru Google,
    and located that it’s really informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels.
    I will appreciate in case you proceed this in future. Lots of people might be
    benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  36. Thank you for every other informative web site.
    The place else may just I get that kind of information written in such a perfect approach?
    I have a venture that I am simply now running on, and I’ve
    been on the glance out for such information.

  37. I would like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this website.
    I am hoping to see the same high-grade content from you in the future as well.
    In fact, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to
    get my very own site now 😉

  38. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was curious what all is needed to
    get setup? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would
    cost a pretty penny? I’m not very web smart so I’m not 100% certain. Any recommendations or
    advice would be greatly appreciated. Thank you

  39. Nice blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog shine.
    Please let me know where you got your design. With thanks

  40. You actually make it seem so easy along with your presentation however I
    in finding this topic to be actually something that
    I believe I’d never understand. It sort of feels too complex and extremely
    wide for me. I am having a look forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  41. My partner and I absolutely love your blog and find a lot of your post’s to be just
    what I’m looking for. Would you offer guest writers to write content to suit your needs?
    I wouldn’t mind creating a post or elaborating on a number of the subjects you write concerning here.
    Again, awesome blog!

  42. I do trust all the ideas you have introduced on your
    post. They are very convincing and can definitely work.
    Nonetheless, the posts are very short for starters. May you please extend them a bit from subsequent time?
    Thank you for the post.

  43. Can I simply say what a comfort to uncover somebody who
    truly understands what they’re discussing on the net. You definitely know
    how to bring an issue to light and make it important.
    More and more people need to check this out and understand this side of your story.

    I was surprised you aren’t more popular because you surely have
    the gift.

  44. Very nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog
    and wanted to say that I have truly loved browsing your blog posts.
    After all I will be subscribing for your rss feed and I’m hoping
    you write again soon!

  45. Please let me know if you’re looking for a writer for your blog.
    You have some really great articles and I feel I would be a
    good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load
    off, I’d really like to write some articles for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please shoot me an e-mail if interested. Thank you!

  46. hello!,I like your writing so so much! share we be in contact extra approximately your article on AOL?
    I need a specialist on this space to solve my problem.
    May be that’s you! Having a look ahead to look you.

  47. Greetings from Ohio! I’m bored at work so I decided to browse your site
    on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the knowledge
    you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get
    home. I’m shocked at how fast your blog loaded on my mobile ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, amazing blog!

  48. Great post. I used to be checking continuously this blog and I’m impressed!
    Extremely useful info particularly the last phase 🙂 I
    take care of such info a lot. I used to be
    seeking this particular information for a very lengthy time.
    Thank you and good luck.

  49. whoah this weblog is wonderful i really like studying your articles.
    Keep up the great work! You recognize, a lot of persons are hunting around for this info, you could aid them greatly.

  50. I was more than happy to discover this great site. I wanted to thank you for your time for this particularly fantastic
    read!! I definitely loved every bit of it and I have you saved to fav to look at new things in your
    site.

  51. Hello there! This post could not be written any better!
    Reading through this post reminds me of my good old room mate!
    He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this write-up to him.
    Fairly certain he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  52. Hello there! I simply would like to give you a big thumbs up for the great information you have got here on this post.
    I am returning to your website for more soon.

  53. I’m really loving the theme/design of your weblog.
    Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems?
    A number of my blog visitors have complained about my site not operating correctly in Explorer
    but looks great in Safari. Do you have any tips to help fix this issue?

  54. Hello! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you
    I really enjoy reading your blog posts. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with the same topics?
    Thanks!

  55. Hi! I’ve been reading your site for a long time now
    and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Dallas Texas!
    Just wanted to mention keep up the great work!

  56. I do not know if it’s just me or if everyone else experiencing problems with your site.
    It appears like some of the written text in your posts are running off the screen. Can someone
    else please provide feedback and let me know if this
    is happening to them as well? This may be a problem with my internet
    browser because I’ve had this happen previously. Thanks

  57. Howdy, I believe your site could be having internet browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in Internet Explorer, it has
    some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to give you
    a quick heads up! Aside from that, excellent
    website!

  58. I am not certain the place you’re getting your information,
    but good topic. I must spend some time finding out much more or figuring
    out more. Thanks for fantastic information I was in search of this info for my mission.

  59. I just couldn’t go away your website before suggesting that I actually loved the standard information an individual provide
    for your guests? Is gonna be again often to check out
    new posts

  60. When someone writes an piece of writing he/she maintains the idea
    of a user in his/her mind that how a user can know
    it. So that’s why this paragraph is amazing. Thanks!

  61. Hey There. I discovered your blog the use of msn. That is a very well written article.
    I’ll make sure to bookmark it and return to learn extra of your
    helpful information. Thank you for the post. I will certainly comeback.

  62. Wow, wonderful weblog format! How long have you ever been running a blog for?
    you make running a blog glance easy. The whole look of your website is wonderful, as smartly as
    the content material!

  63. A motivating discussion is worth comment. There’s no doubt that that you should write more about this subject matter, it may not be a taboo matter but typically people do
    not talk about these topics. To the next! Cheers!!

  64. Thank you, I have just been searching for information about this topic for a while and yours
    is the best I’ve discovered till now. However, what about the
    conclusion? Are you sure in regards to the supply?

  65. We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.

    Your web site provided us with valuable info to work on. You have done an impressive job and our whole community will be
    grateful to you.

  66. Good day! I know this is kinda off topic but I’d figured I’d ask.
    Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest writing a blog post or
    vice-versa? My website discusses a lot of the same
    topics as yours and I believe we could greatly benefit from each other.
    If you are interested feel free to send me an e-mail.
    I look forward to hearing from you! Terrific blog by the way!

  67. I simply couldn’t leave your website prior to suggesting
    that I really enjoyed the usual info an individual provide for your visitors?
    Is going to be again steadily in order to investigate cross-check new posts

  68. Good day very nice website!! Man .. Excellent .. Wonderful ..
    I’ll bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally?
    I’m happy to search out a lot of helpful info here within the
    put up, we’d like develop more techniques in this regard, thank
    you for sharing. . . . . .

  69. Excellent post. I was checking constantly this
    blog and I’m impressed! Very helpful info particularly the last part :
    ) I care for such info a lot. I was looking for
    this particular info for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

*