El oro de Roma

119
Entrada del Cine Verdi (Madrid). Foto: Jonathan Fortich.

Se ha escrito bastante sobre Roma (Alfonso Cuarón, 2018) desde su estreno en Venecia el 30 de agosto del año pasado. En general, se habla de ella con un tono que resulta favorable. Muy pocos han sido los comentarios adversos

Jonathan Fortich
@fortich79 

Sería erróneo calificar a este filme como mediocre. En tiempos en los que es tan difícil vivir experiencias intensas en el cine, se agradece una historia con principio, medio y fin, que capte y mantenga el interés del espectador con personajes verosímiles y las complejidades que esto implica. Todo esto se encuentra en Roma. Además de un trabajo de dirección de arte que llega a cumplir con sus ambiciosos propósitos: reconstruir la Ciudad de México de 1970-71. El diseño sonoro asume también unos riesgos importantes, aprovechando los avances de la tecnología Dolby Atmos empleada en la mezcla; aunque con un resultado que puede ser desigual teniendo en cuenta que se emplean recursos a los que el grueso de los espectadores no están habituados. La amplia experiencia de Cuarón garantiza, claro, un trabajo actoral que llena de vida la historia.

Ver esta película fuera de contexto resultaría bastante satisfactorio para la mayoría de los espectadores. Sin embargo, cuando prestamos atención a su palmarés, nos encontramos que los premios recibidos superan el centenar: León de Oro, Golden Globe, AFI, nominaciones al Oscar, etc. Tras su estreno en Netflix (14 de diciembre), las redes sociales estallaron en alabanzas que llegaron a homologar a Cuarón con Fellini y De Sica, y diversos medios de comunicación han empleado los adjetivos más elogiosos. Realmente es aquí donde está el auténtico problema de Roma: su campaña de publicidad y mercadeo. Y tras ella, naturalmente, su distribuidor.

Netflix: un jovencito con demasiado poder

Es comprensible el interés de Netflix por esta cinta. La compañía de entretenimiento con poco más de veinte años de historia, y que sólo hasta 2012 empezó a dedicarse a la producción y distribución, se ha convertido en una verdadera major; al parecer, la clave de su éxito está en su profundo conocimiento de su público.

¿Y qué hay aquí para ofrecer al público? Primero, un director que desde su ópera prima, (Solo con tu pareja, 1991) se ha hecho una carrera tan exitosa como diversa (Gravity; Children of Men; Harry Potter y el prisionero de Azkaban; Y tu mamá también, etc.); en este sentido combina una experiencia importante con el cine comercial con pretensiones estéticas que pueden llegar a seducir a ese público entre los veintitantos y los cuarentaypocos que dice: “no veo T.V., veo series”. Segundo, su personaje principal, Cleo (Yalitza Aparicio): una joven solitaria que trabaja con abnegación y total compromiso -su jornada empieza antes de que se despierten los patrones y termina luego de que se van a dormir- no es debidamente valorada. En este sentido, la juventud trabajadora de todo el mundo podría sentirse identificada con ella. Además, Cleo ha emigrado a una gran ciudad donde sólo puede hablar su lengua materna -el mixteco- con su compañera de trabajo, Adela (Nancy García García). Otra característica con la que pueden identificarse millones de proletarios migrantes. Por último, un punto de vista que implica una “crítica social” políticamente correcta: la especialidad de Netflix para cautivar a la juventud. Son recurrentes las escenas en las que Cuarón marca la brecha entre Cleo y sus patrones pero esto nunca llega a ponerse en términos de lucha de clases o algo que se le parezca. Casi que Cuarón parece decirle a los de su clase: “valoren y respeten a los trabajadores que dan la vida por ustedes”.

Perspectiva de clase

Vale hacer el contraste con el personaje de Lupe Ontiveros en Storytelling (Todd Solondz, 2001): Consuelo, una empleada doméstica mexicana, hastiada de la explotación y opresión de sus patrones, antes de huir, se encarga de dejar todo listo para que muera la familia. Y ni hablar de Susana (Luis Buñuel, 1951); una mujer que, huyendo de una cárcel seduce a una familia de hacendados mexicanos hasta ponerlos en crisis cuando cada uno se deja guiar por sus auténticas pasiones.

Desde un punto de vista revolucionario, no buscamos la conciliación de clases que promueve el cartel del filme sino derrocar la dominación burguesa y llevar al proletariado a la conquista del poder político. Por supuesto, conviene a la burguesía en estos tiempos insinuar que aunque reconocen que los tiempos son difíciles, “podemos avanzar si aprendemos a valorarnos como personas”. Así, cualquier idea revolucionaria se disuelve en buenas intenciones. Si además, se empaqueta esto dándole al filme el aura de “obra maestra”, hasta parece una verdad irrefutable.

La experiencia de Roma implica, no sólo una trampa ideológica; tras ella están los intereses de Netflix de cautivar suscriptores, sobre todo los miles de decepcionados por la poca oferta de buen cine que suelen tener; además, tienen un producto capaz de conquistar al mercado latinoamericano que abunda en potenciales suscriptores. Pero, por si fuera poco, abre la puerta para ofertar Netflix como una posibilidad de distribución, exhibición del cine “independiente” que cada vez encuentra más obstáculos para sobrevivir, particularmente en América Latina. No olvidemos que, aunque los suscriptores son importantes para esta compañía, en algún momento encontrarán un tope, así que necesitan otras estrategias para que los números sigan subiendo.

El mismo Cuarón ha visto las implicaciones de su acuerdo. Por una parte, la difusión de la película en salas ha sido bastante limitada; algo lamentable teniendo en cuenta la tecnología empleada para el sonido y el particular formato empleado (65 mm). Mucho de la experiencia estética se pierde cuando la película se visiona en un televisor o, peor aún, en un teléfono celular. Por si fuera poco, en España, los diálogos en español, se han subtitulado con los modos propios de este país y así se proyecta en las salas de cine. Ambos hechos han sido lamentados por el director.

Vale hoy recordar las palabras de Fidel Castro a los intelectuales: “(…) dentro de la Revolución, todo; contra la Revolución, nada”.

119 Comentarios

  1. My family members always say that I am killing my time here at net, but I know I am getting familiarity all the time by reading thes fastidious articles or reviews.

  2. Howdy! Quick question that’s completely off topic.
    Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My site
    looks weird when viewing from my iphone 4. I’m trying to find
    a theme or plugin that might be able to fix this problem.
    If you have any suggestions, please share. Many thanks!

  3. Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Many thanks,
    However I am experiencing difficulties with your RSS. I don’t know the reason why I am unable to join it.
    Is there anybody else getting identical RSS issues?
    Anyone who knows the solution will you kindly respond?

    Thanks!!

  4. Hello! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and tell
    you I really enjoy reading your articles. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with the same topics?
    Thank you so much!

  5. I think this is among the most important info for me. And i’m glad reading your article.
    But should remark on few general things, The website style is wonderful, the
    articles is really great : D. Good job, cheers

  6. Its such as you learn my mind! You appear to know a lot about
    this, such as you wrote the ebook in it or something. I believe
    that you simply could do with a few percent to drive the message
    house a little bit, however other than that, that is wonderful blog.
    A fantastic read. I’ll certainly be back.

  7. Hey! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing months of hard work due to no back up.
    Do you have any methods to prevent hackers?

  8. It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and it is time
    to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you some interesting things
    or suggestions. Maybe you can write next articles referring
    to this article. I desire to read more things about it!

  9. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d certainly donate to this outstanding blog!
    I guess for now i’ll settle for book-marking
    and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.
    I look forward to brand new updates and will share this website with my
    Facebook group. Talk soon!

  10. Interesting blog! Is your theme custom made or did you
    download it from somewhere? A design like yours with
    a few simple tweeks would really make my blog stand out. Please
    let me know where you got your design. Many thanks

  11. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog and was wondering what
    all is needed to get set up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?

    I’m not very internet savvy so I’m not 100% sure. Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated.
    Kudos

  12. Woah! I’m really loving the template/theme of this blog.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s difficult to
    get that “perfect balance” between superb usability
    and visual appeal. I must say that you’ve done a excellent job with this.

    Also, the blog loads extremely fast for me on Opera. Outstanding Blog!

  13. I blog quite often and I truly appreciate your information. This article has truly peaked
    my interest. I am going to book mark your website and keep checking for new details about once per week.

    I opted in for your Feed as well.

  14. I like the valuable information you provide in your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly.
    I am quite certain I’ll learn many new stuff right here!
    Good luck for the next!

  15. I absolutely love your blog and find the majority of your post’s to be what precisely I’m looking
    for. Does one offer guest writers to write content
    available for you? I wouldn’t mind writing a
    post or elaborating on many of the subjects you write related to here.

    Again, awesome web log!

  16. Hey there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my
    facebook group? There’s a lot of folks that I think would really enjoy your content.
    Please let me know. Thank you

  17. Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I really enjoyed reading it,
    you happen to be a great author.I will be sure to bookmark your blog and will come back at
    some point. I want to encourage you to continue your great job, have a
    nice afternoon!

  18. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be
    actually something that I think I would never understand.
    It seems too complex and very broad for me. I’m looking forward for your
    next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  19. We stumbled over here by a different web address and thought
    I might as well check things out. I like what I see so
    now i’m following you. Look forward to going over
    your web page repeatedly.

  20. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good.
    I don’t know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you
    are not already 😉 Cheers!

  21. It’s perfect time to make a few plans for the
    long run and it is time to be happy. I have learn this submit and if I may just I wish
    to counsel you few fascinating things or advice. Perhaps
    you could write next articles regarding this article.
    I wish to read more issues approximately it!

  22. I don’t know if it’s just me or if perhaps everybody else encountering problems with your site.
    It seems like some of the text within your content are running off the screen. Can someone else please comment and let me know if this is happening to them as well?
    This might be a problem with my browser because I’ve had
    this happen before. Cheers

  23. I’m not sure where you’re getting your information,
    but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
    Thanks for magnificent info I was looking for this information for my mission.

  24. I think this is among the most vital information for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. However should statement on some normal issues,
    The web site taste is perfect, the articles is really nice : D.
    Just right activity, cheers

  25. hey there and thank you for your info – I’ve definitely picked up anything new from right here.
    I did however expertise a few technical points using this web site, since I experienced to reload the website many times
    previous to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your hosting is OK?
    Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances
    times will very frequently affect your placement in google and can damage your high quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords.
    Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my email and could look
    out for much more of your respective interesting content.
    Make sure you update this again very soon.

  26. Do you have a spam issue on this blog; I also am a blogger,
    and I was curious about your situation; many of us have developed some nice methods and we are looking to trade solutions with other folks, please shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  27. certainly like your web-site but you have to check the spelling on several
    of your posts. Many of them are rife with
    spelling issues and I in finding it very troublesome to tell the
    reality nevertheless I’ll surely come again again.

  28. Wow, superb weblog structure! How long have you been blogging for?
    you make running a blog glance easy. The overall glance of your site
    is fantastic, as smartly as the content!

  29. Hey there! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems
    with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked
    and I ended up losing months of hard work due to no backup.
    Do you have any solutions to protect against hackers?

  30. My brother recommended I may like this web site. He used to be entirely right.
    This put up truly made my day. You can not imagine simply how much time
    I had spent for this information! Thank you!

  31. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get got an shakiness over that you
    wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably
    come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case
    you shield this hike.

  32. I really like your blog.. very nice colors
    & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?

    Plz reply as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like to find
    out where u got this from. kudos

  33. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who was doing a
    little homework on this. And he actually bought me lunch due to
    the fact that I discovered it for him… lol. So let me reword this….
    Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending the time to
    talk about this topic here on your internet site.

  34. hello there and thank you for your info – I’ve certainly picked up anything new from right here.
    I did however expertise a few technical issues using this site, as I experienced to reload the website lots of times previous to I could get it
    to load properly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK?
    Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will often affect your placement in google
    and can damage your high-quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords.

    Well I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look out for a lot more of your respective
    interesting content. Make sure you update this again very soon.

  35. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was
    good. I don’t know who you are but certainly you’re going
    to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

  36. Good post. I learn something new and challenging
    on websites I stumbleupon everyday. It’s always useful to read through content from
    other writers and practice a little something from their websites.

  37. That is very fascinating, You are an excessively skilled blogger.
    I have joined your feed and stay up for in quest of more of your fantastic post.
    Additionally, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks

  38. That is really interesting, You are an overly professional blogger.
    I have joined your feed and sit up for in quest of extra of your excellent post.
    Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks

  39. Undeniably consider that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed to be
    at the internet the simplest thing to take note of.

    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed at the same time
    as people think about concerns that they plainly do not recognise about.
    You controlled to hit the nail upon the top as smartly
    as outlined out the whole thing without having side-effects , folks can take a
    signal. Will likely be again to get more. Thanks

  40. Everything typed made a lot of sense. However, consider this, suppose you
    added a little information? I ain’t suggesting your content is not good, but suppose you added a title to possibly grab folk’s attention? I mean El oro de Roma – Semanario Voz is kinda boring.
    You could peek at Yahoo’s home page and watch how they create news titles to
    get people to click. You might add a related video or a pic or two to grab readers excited about
    everything’ve written. Just my opinion, it might make
    your website a little livelier.

  41. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew
    of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for
    quite some time and was hoping maybe you
    would have some experience with something like this.
    Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  42. I loved as much as you will receive carried
    out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored subject matter stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get bought an nervousness over that you wish be
    delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly
    very often inside case you shield this hike.

  43. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I
    could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.

    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some
    experience with something like this. Please let me know if you run into
    anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  44. Interesting blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A design like yours with a few simple tweeks would really
    make my blog stand out. Please let me know where you got
    your theme. With thanks

  45. I like the valuable info you supply on your articles.

    I will bookmark your weblog and check again right here
    frequently. I’m fairly sure I will be informed many new stuff right right here!
    Good luck for the following!

  46. I’m not sure exactly why but this weblog is
    loading very slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a problem on my end?

    I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

  47. Hi are using WordPress for your site platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get
    started and set up my own. Do you require any html coding knowledge to
    make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  48. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about
    this, like you wrote the book in it or something.
    I think that you can do with some pics to drive
    the message home a little bit, but other than that,
    this is fantastic blog. A great read. I will definitely be
    back.

  49. Does your blog have a contact page? I’m having
    a tough time locating it but, I’d like to send you an e-mail.
    I’ve got some ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
    Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it improve over time.

  50. I just couldn’t leave your web site before suggesting that I extremely enjoyed the standard information a person provide on your visitors?
    Is gonna be back regularly to investigate cross-check new posts

  51. I’m curious to find out what blog system you are utilizing?

    I’m having some small security issues with my latest site
    and I would like to find something more secure. Do you have any suggestions?

  52. whoah this blog is excellent i like studying your articles.
    Stay up the good work! You realize, a lot of
    individuals are looking around for this info, you can help them greatly.

  53. Incredible! This blog looks just like my old one! It’s on a totally different subject but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Wonderful choice of colors!

  54. I’m really impressed together with your writing talents as
    well as with the format in your blog. Is that this a paid subject matter or did
    you modify it yourself? Either way stay up the nice
    high quality writing, it’s rare to look a nice blog like this one nowadays..

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

*