Aumentará la concentración de la tierra

286
1386
Campamento ecológico en el Valle del río Cimitarra. Foto Bibiana Ramírez, Prensa Rural.

El “Pacto por Colombia, Pacto por la equidad”, es la ruta del actual Gobierno para la profundización de la pobreza en el campo, acumular tierra e incrementar el latifundio

Jaime Osorno

Por dos votos se salvó el Plan Nacional de Desarrollo en su primer debate en las comisiones económicas. Finalmente, la mermelada funcionó e hizo rebelar a Mauricio Gómez Amín, del Partido Liberal y al senador de Cambio Radical, Luis Eduardo Díazgranados, de las directrices de Germán Vargas y César Gaviria. Con ello el Centro Democrático pudo lograr el quorum y a última hora aprobar en primer debate la iniciativa.

Al margen de la anécdota sobre la sorpresiva aparición de los senadores “rebeldes”, perdió el país y sobre todo el agro colombiano, que verá aplazado su desarrollo por cuatro años más del gobierno Duque. Ganaron los gremios, quienes sin involucrarse en la filigrana política sacaron adelante un plan de política, económica favorable a sus intereses. Aquí contamos cómo quedó el Plan en materia de tierras.

Contrareforma

Con este PND el Estado renuncia a la reforma rural y a democratizar la tenencia de la tierra como vía para la equidad y el desarrollo del país. Al respecto, se presentan los siguientes elementos: El Estado en los próximos cuatro años no combatirá la vergonzosa concentración de la tierra. La concentración de la tenencia de la tierra presenta los índices más vergonzosos de la región, con un GINI cercano al 0.902 según el tercer Censo Nacional Agropecuario de 2014.

Estas cifras no se compadecen con las metas propuestas, las cuales, de cumplirse, solo beneficiarían a menos del 3% de los campesinos sin tierra o con tierra insuficiente. La importancia de este aspecto no solo concita las funciones y facultades generales del sector de agricultura y desarrollo rural; sino, además, la realización del postulado de favorecer al más débil de las relaciones de tenencia y producción agropecuaria.

En tal sentido, el PND en su componente “Campo con progreso: una alianza para dinamizar el desarrollo y la productividad de la Colombia rural”, su referencia debe ser específica al campesinado, al productor familiar, con el objeto de garantizar la intervención en el conjunto de actividades propias del desarrollo rural, la reforma agraria y la transformación del campo.

Sin reconocimiento al campesino

El campesinado y sus territorios no son sujetos de reconocimiento alguno en el PND. Los campesinos merecen ser reconocidos económica, social y culturalmente en el desarrollo de los próximos cuatro años. Si bien se reconocen los empresarios del campo y los productores agroindustriales, así mismo deben ser reconocidos los derechos de los productores del 60% de los alimentos que consumen los colombianos; del 80% del café como principal producto de exportación y del 30% de la población colombiana. No es suficiente con reconocer al gran productor, no es suficiente reconocer y apoyar al empresario del campo; es necesario y urgente empoderar a la agricultura familiar diversificada, registrar la importancia de la producción alimentaria y darle el valor que los campesinos se merecen.  En este PND los campesinos no cuentan.

Sin catastro multipropósito

Se renuncia a la materialización del catastro multipropósito y en su lugar plantea transformar la función catastral en servicio público tercerizado por los operadores catastrales. El objeto de dicha transformación, más allá de debilitar al Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi, IGAC, como autoridad catastral, podría contener un significado de lavado de las apropiaciones ilegales de predios rurales y de la acumulación indebida de baldíos como de los bienes públicos rurales de la nación.

La informalidad en la tenencia de la tierra, la determinación oficial del número de predios rurales existente en el país y sus características jurídicas, físicas, geográficas, de ubicación, así como de su vocación; hacen parte de los conflictos agrarios y resultan de dinámicas permanentes en los territorios, hacen parte del desarrollo propio del campo y demandan una presencia activa y continua del Estado, a través de sus entidades como de la justicia.

Las dinámicas de los conflictos por la tenencia de la tierra merecen la atención de un enfoque específico y especial. En este sentido el catastro multipropósito debe asumirse como un instrumento de vocación permanente en los territorios desde el Estado y sus instituciones. Llama la atención las disposiciones de presencia mediante terceros privados como operadores catastrales, pues si bien se entiende la necesidad de avanzar de forma progresiva en la presencia de la jurisdicción, entendiendo de primera mano aquellos territorios de mayor conflicto, no puede el Estado continuar en la moratoria de garantizar acceso a la justicia para quienes están involucrado en los conflictos agrarios.

Invisibiliza a las mujeres

Se profundiza la segregación de la población campesina, derogando la política pública de mujer rural; imponiendo como política de Estado la agricultura por contrato y alianzas productivas, como una clara estrategia de corporativizar y beneficiar la agricultura comercial y agroindustrial no alimentaria en el país; formalizando la tercerización laboral de los trabajadores del campo, formalizando la ilegalidad en los esquemas de contratación de las plantaciones comerciales con salarios por debajo del salario mínimo y claramente  formalizando la desprotección social de los trabajadores del campo.

Las alianzas productivas y la agricultura por contrato como modelo de asociatividad no son mecanismos de inclusión productiva efectiva, porque trasladan los riesgos a los campesinos precarizando su situación y amenazando su autonomía.

Por último, se le pone punto final al proceso de restitución de tierras con una clara revictimización de los pobladores campesinos despojados de sus territorios y un desconocimiento de las víctimas y sus derechos.

Finalmente, la ponencia presentada por el Gobierno y aprobada por las comisiones conjuntas tercera y cuarta de Senado y Cámara este viernes 21 de marzo para segundo debate; representa la materialización de las exigencias de los gremios del sector agroindustrial y ganadero, desconociendo la importancia de la producción alimentaria y del campesinado, desvalorizando el papel en la sociedad colombiana y contribuyendo a profundizar la ya vergonzosa concentración de la tierra, y con ellos las condiciones que durante la historia de la república han suscitado los más álgidos conflictos de la Nación.

286 Comentarios

  1. I do not know whether it’s just me or if everybody else encountering problems with your site.

    It appears like some of the written text in your content
    are running off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedback and
    let me know if this is happening to them too? This could be a issue
    with my internet browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Many thanks

  2. Awesome blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download
    it from somewhere? A design like yours with a few simple
    tweeks would really make my blog shine. Please let me know where
    you got your theme. Many thanks

  3. It’s in point of fact a great and useful piece of information. I’m satisfied that you just shared this helpful info with us.
    Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  4. (BBC) – Nonpharmacologic interventions to crop BP comprehend: consequence erosion after overweight or obese patients with a courage vigorous diet, sodium restriction, and potassium supplementation within the aliment; and increased mortal endeavour with a structured discharge program. Men should be predetermined to no more than 2 and women no more than 1 standard hard stuff and press into service viagra without a doctor prescription beverage(s) per day. The regular impact of each lifestyle substitution is a 4-5 mm Hg decrease in SBP and 2-4 mm Hg shrivelling in DBP; but abstain low in sodium, saturated roly-poly, and total sebaceous and snowball in fruits, vegetables, and grains may shrink SBP not later than generally 11 mm Hg.
    Updated: April 1, 2019 16:27

  5. My programmer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using
    WordPress on several websites for about a year and am anxious about switching to another platform.
    I have heard excellent things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it?
    Any kind of help would be greatly appreciated!

  6. Admiring the time and energy you put into your blog and in depth information you offer.

    It’s nice to come across a blog every once in a while that
    isn’t the same outdated rehashed information. Excellent read!
    I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  7. Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed!
    Very useful info specifically the ultimate section 🙂 I deal
    with such info much. I used to be looking
    for this certain information for a very lengthy time.
    Thanks and good luck.

  8. Thank you for another magnificent post. The place else may just anybody get
    that type of info in such an ideal manner of writing?
    I have a presentation subsequent week, and I’m at the look for such information.

  9. Howdy just wanted to give you a quick heads up.

    The words in your post seem to be running off the
    screen in Firefox. I’m not sure if this is a format issue
    or something to do with web browser compatibility but I thought
    I’d post to let you know. The style and design look great though!
    Hope you get the issue resolved soon. Kudos

  10. Having read this I thought it was extremely enlightening. I appreciate you spending some time and energy to put this information together. I once again find myself personally spending way too much time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!|

  11. Hi, I do think this is a great website. I stumbledupon it
    😉 I am going to return yet again since I bookmarked it.
    Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue
    to help other people.

  12. Hi,I am trying to contact you by phone without success. I am wanting to purchase Maasai Bibles, Swahili Bibles and some English Bibles. It appears that many are out of stock. Maybe you have restocked…please advice. Thank you.. hemp oil cbd

  13. Thanks a lot for sharing this with all folks you really recognise what you are speaking about!

    Bookmarked. Kindly additionally consult with my website =).
    We will have a hyperlink exchange arrangement between us

  14. hello!,I like your writing very so much! percentage we keep up a correspondence more about
    your post on AOL? I require an expert in this space to unravel my problem.
    Maybe that’s you! Taking a look ahead to see you.

  15. It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you some interesting things or tips. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article. I wish to read more things about it!. generic viagra

  16. You could request a credit of any of the loans and combine sweets at Wilko we don’t cost interest to Statesboro, Macon, Augusta, Covington, best online pharmacy for generic viagra Athens. But, remember, pupil mortgage consolidation credit even mortgage mortgage originator behind in payments, the standing positive why my interest charges reported to the credit score bureaus. Steroids do not exactly have a stellar fame, even in the event that they work for body builders and athletes. However, there are early repayment however eligibility is based on while you want it most routing number, a voided verify, of cash on interest over.

  17. First, as extensively and clearly stated, some of its endpoints were not specifically investigated in the original studies, and in this regard, some of our conclusions should be definitively confirmed by specifically designed trials. If you have any concerns relating to where and how you can utilize viagra for sale, you could contact us at our internet site. These limitations may introduce some uncertainties in data interpretation, making our conclusions not generalizable to all subjects treated with PDE5Is after RP.

  18. Attractive section of content. I simply stumbled upon your web
    site and in accession capital to claim that I get in fact loved account
    your weblog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing for your
    augment or even I achievement you access constantly fast.

  19. Woah! I’m really loving the template/theme of this website.

    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s difficult
    to get that «perfect balance» between user friendliness
    and visual appeal. I must say you have done a great job with this.

    Also, the blog loads super quick for me on Firefox.
    Superb Blog!

  20. Thank you for every other excellent post. Where else may just anyone get
    that type of information in such a perfect means of writing?
    I have a presentation subsequent week, and I’m at the search
    for such information.

  21. Simply wish to say your article is as astonishing. The clarity in your post is
    just great and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject.
    Well with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post.

    Thanks a million and please continue the gratifying work.

  22. I blog often and I genuinely appreciate your content.
    The article has really peaked my interest. I am going to take a note of your blog and
    keep checking for new information about once per week.

    I subscribed to your RSS feed as well.

  23. Hi, Neat post. There is an issue together with your website in internet explorer, might test this?
    IE nonetheless is the marketplace leader and a good element of other people will miss
    your fantastic writing because of this problem.

  24. By the way, if you are actually writing an AI thesis, speak with other people: AI individuals possess their personal unit of guidelines. «… a well-known analyst …» No matter that claimed it or who performed it. In fact, such claims prejudice the visitor. Beware When Using «couple of, very most, all, any kind of, every». If a sentence states «Most computer system bodies include X», you should be actually capable to defend it. Are you certain you truly recognize the simple facts? How several computers were actually developed and also sold last night? «must», «constantly» «should» «proof», «verify» Would a math wizzard concur that it is actually an evidence? «program» Made use of in the feeling of «confirm»

    dissertation formatting service

  25. Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after browsing through
    some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely happy
    I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back frequently!

    Also visit my blog post CBD

  26. This design is spectacular! You definitely know how to keep a reader amused.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Excellent job.
    I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it.
    Too cool!

    Also visit my web site: CBD

  27. Wonderful goods from you, man. I’ve understand
    your stuff previous to and you are just too fantastic. I really like what
    you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you’re saying and
    the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you
    still take care of to keep it smart. I cant wait to
    read far more from you. This is really a terrific site.

    Feel free to visit my page … free instagram followers

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

*